VASUDEO GAITONDE (1924 – 2001)

Born 1924 in Maharashtra, India.

Vasudeo S. Gaitonde calls his work "non-objective" and believes that "there is no such thing as abstract art." His work is known for its spiritual quality and characteristic silence that is as meditative as it is eternal and momentous.

Gaitonde was born in Maharashtra in 1924 and received his diploma from the Sir J. J. School of Art in 1948.

Considered one of India’s foremost abstractionists (though he is known to dismiss the label), Gaitonde's works are known for evoking subliminal depths. Plain, large surfaces with paint layered, subtly characterize his work.

Art, for Gaitonde, was a process complete in itself wherein he explored his inner spaces and transient realities. He was a part of the “Progressive Artist Group”, but due to his individualistic nature, Gaitonde strayed from the collective. As a result of his particular and very personal disposition, Gaitonde favored a more prolonged painting process, spending a great deal of time on his canvases, resulting in very a small number of completed major works.

His work is represented in several Indian and foreign collections including the Museum of Modern Art, New York. He was awarded the first prize at the Young Asian Artists' Exhibition, Tokyo in 1957 and the Rockefeller Fellowship in 1964. He was also awarded the Padma Shri in 1971.

Gaitonde lived and worked from New Delhi, he passed away in August 2001.

Education

1943 – 1948 Diploma in Painting, Sir J.J. School of Art, Mumbai

Select Solo and Group Exhibitions – Posthumous

2011 Manifestations V, Delhi Art Gallery, New Delhi
Roots in the Air, Branches Below: Modern & Contemporary Art from India, San Jose Museum of Art, San Jose

2011 Time Unfolded, Kiran Nadar Museum of Art (KNMA), New Delhi
2011 V S Gaitonde: Works from Private Collections, Saffronart, New Delhi

2010 The Progressives & Associates, Grosvenor Gallery, London
2010 Black and White, Galerie Mirchandani + Steinruecke, Mumbai
2010 Masters of Maharashtra, collection from Lalit Kala Akademi, New Delhi at Piramal Gallery, National Centre for the Performing Arts (NCPA), Mumbai

2009 Bharat Ratna! Jewels of Modern Indian Art, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston
2009 Progressive to Altermodern: 62 Years of Indian Modern Art, Grosvenor Gallery, London

2008-09 Expanding Horizons: Contemporary Indian Art, Traveling Exhibition presented by Bodhi Art at Ravinder Natya Mandir, P.L.Despande Kala Academy Art Gallery, Mumbai; Sant Dyaneshwar Natya Sankul Art Gallery, Amravati; Platinum Jubilee Hall, Nagpur; Tapadia Natya Mandir Sports Hall, Aurangabad; Hirachand Nemchand Vachanalay’s, Solapur; Acharya Vidyanand Sanskrutik Bhavan, Kolhapur; PGSR Sabhagriha, SNDT, Pune; Sarvajanik Vachanalaya Hall, Nasik

2008 Moderns, Royal Cultural Centre, Amman, Jordan organized by Lalit Kala Akademi, New Delhi in collaboration with Embassy of India, Amman, Jordan
2008 Multiple Modernities: India, 1905-2005, Philadelphia Museum of Art, USA
2008 Freedom 2008 – Sixty Years after Indian Independence, Centre for International Modern Art (CIMA), Kolkata

2007-08 India Art Now: Between Continuity and Transformation, Province of Milan, Milan, Italy

2004 Concept and Form, Vadehra Art Gallery, Mumbai

Selected Solo Exhibitions

1997 An Abstract Vision, Pundole Art Gallery and The Tuli Foundation for Holistic Education and Art (HEART), Mumbai

1996 Exhibition of Paintings and Drawings by V.S. Gaitonde, Vadehra Art Gallery, New Delhi

1980, 77, 74, 73, 70, 67 Mumbai

1973 Gallery Chanakya, New Delhi

1965 Willard Gallery, New York

1963 Gallery '63, New York

1959 Graham Gallery, New York

Selected Group Exhibitions

2001 Modern Indian Art, organized by Saffronart and Pundole Art Gallery, Mumbai at the Metropolitan Pavilion, New York

2000 Millennium Show – A Century of Art from Maharashtra, Nehru Centre, Mumbai

1997 Indian Contemporary Art : Post Independence, Vadehra Art Gallery, National Gallery of Modern Art (NGMA), New Delhi
1997 Tryst with Destiny : Art from Modern India, Singapore Art Museum, Singapore
1997 A Global View : Indian Artists at Home in the World, Fine Art Resource, Berlin
1997 Intuitive Logic II, organized by The Tuli Foundation for Holistic Education and Art (HEART), Mumbai at The Park, New Delhi and Nehru Centre, Mumbai

1994 Seven Indian Painters, Gallery Le Monde de l’ Art, Paris

1993 Wounds, Centre for International Modern Art (CIMA), Kolkata

1989 Timeless Art, organized by The Times of India, Mumbai

1988 17 Indian Painters, Jehangir Art Gallery, Mumbai

1987 Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology (CCMB), Hyderabad

1986 Coups de Coeur – Exhibition of Indian Paintings, Geneva, Switzerland

1985 Contemporary Indian Painters, Festival of India in USA, Grey Art Gallery, USA

1982 Modern Indian Paintings, organized by National Gallery of Modern Art (NGMA), New Delhi
1982 Hirshhorn Museum, Washington DC
1982 India : Myth and Reality, Museum of Modern Art (MOMA), Oxford, UK
1982 Contemporary Indian Art, Festival of India, Royal Academy of Arts, London

1979 Focus : Four Painters – Directions, Gallery Chemould, Mumbai

1977 Pictorial Space, Lalit Kala Akademi, New Delhi

1965 Art Now in India, London, Newcastle, UK
1965 Ten Contemporary Indian Painters, M.I.T and New Jersey State Museum, Trenton, USA

1963 Gallery 63, New York

1962 London, UK

1960 Northampton Museum, UK

1957 Young Asian Artists, Tokyo
1957 Five Thousand Years of Indian Art, Essex

Participations
1974 Deuxieme Biennale International de Menton, France

1968 First Triennale, India

1965 National Exhibition, Lalit Kala Akademi, New Delhi

Honours and Awards

1974 Prix Nationale, Festival International de la Peinture, Cagness-Sur- Mer, France

1971 Padmashree, Government of India
1971 Filmfare Critics Award for the Film ‘Koodal’, India

1965 National Exhibition, Lalit Kala Akademi, New Delhi

1964-65 J. D. Rockefeller III Fellowship to Live and work in USA

1950 Bombay Art Society, Mumbai

MAQBOOL FIDA HUSAIN (1915 – 2011)

Born on September 17, 1915, in Pandharpur, Maharashtra, India.

Commonly known as M.F., Husain was an eminent Indian painter. Widely regarded as the “Picasso of India,” he is arguably the most recognizable figure of modern and contemporary Indian art, influencing a whole generation of artists in the country. A self-taught artist, Husain moved to Mumbai at an early age and began his artistic career by painting the billboards for cinemas. He recalled, “We were paid barely four or six annas per square foot. That is, for a 6x10 feet canvas, we earned a few rupees. And apart from the New Theatre distributor, the others did not pay us at all. As soon as I earned a little bit, I used to take off for Surat, Baroda and Ahmedabad to paint landscapes.”

Husain became associated with Indian modernism in the 1940s. A dashing, highly eccentric figure dressed in impeccably tailored suits, he went barefoot and brandished an extra-long paintbrush as a slim cane. He never maintained a studio, but he spread his canvases out on the floors of whatever hotel room he happened to be staying in, always paying for damages when he checked out. He created four museums to showcase his work, and had a collection of classic sports cars. Enormously prolific, a gifted self-promoter and hard bargainer, he claimed to have produced some 60,000 paintings. When questioned about such prolificacy by Michael Peschardt of the BBC in one of the last interviews he gave on May 27th 2011, he replied, “All this talk about inspiration and moment is nonsense. Excuse us”. He amassed a fortune, but maintained a bank balance of zero. He applied the formal lessons of European modernists like Cézanne and Matisse to scenes from national epics like the Mahabharata and Ramavana, to the Hindu pantheon.

His first exhibition took place in 1947 with his painting Sunhera Sansaar, shown at the annual exhibition of the Bombay Art Society, and Husain decided to stay in India during the Partition in 1947. Between 1948 and 1950, Husain's work caught the public eye in a series of exhibitions across India. Through the fifties and sixties, he traveled outside India, with his first foray into China in 1951. The following year, he had his first solo exhibition in Zurich, and so began a series of exhibitions across Europe and the United States. In 1966, the Government of India awarded him the Padmashree.

Over the following decades, Husain's fame spread and was glorified by what was deemed to be a rather controversial approach to his art. His Shwetambari exhibition at the Jehangir Art Gallery consisted of two halls shrouded in white cloth, whorls of which also shared the floor with torn newspapers. Later, he gave a public performance at the Tata Center in Calcutta. For several days, a crowd watched as he painted pictures of six goddesses. On the last day of the exhibition, he destroyed his paintings by over-painting them in white. Several of his paintings in the 1990s were named after the film actress Madhuri Dixit, perhaps displaying a childhood obsession originating from his time spent painting billboards. As reported in The Times of India, “The Padma Vibhushan awardee continues to paint events that are topmost on contemporary minds, be it the solar eclipse, the cricket mania or the victory at Kargil.”

Themes in Husain’s work often returned to his cultural roots, but he embraced diverse influences – from the cinematography of Buñuel, to themes that have blended folk, tribal and mythological figures – to create vibrantly contemporary, living art forms in his work.

Icons of Indian culture through the ages seek to capture the quintessence of his subjects, like Mother Teresa and Gandhi, to religious icons as Krishna and Saraswati.
His narrative paintings, executed in a modified Cubist style, can be caustic and funny as well as serious and somber. His themes—usually treated in series—also include hallmarks of Indian culture and history, such as the Ramayana, the Mahabharata, the British Empire, and motifs of Indian urban and rural life. One of the most celebrated and internationally recognized Indian artists of the 20th century, he also received recognition as a printmaker, photographer, and filmmaker.
Besides painting, he also made feature films, including Through the Eyes of a Painter (1966), which won the ‘Golden Bear Award’ at the Berlin Film Festival (1967), and was also awarded the ‘Gaja Gamini’ in 2000. The Government of India honored him with the ‘Padma Bhushan’ and the ‘Padma Vibhushan’ awards, both prestigious civilian awards. In 2007, Husain received Honorary Doctorates from Benaras Hindu University, Jamia Millia Islamia University, and Mysore University.

The artist passed away on June 9th 2011 in London, UK. However, his vast artistic legacy lives on around the world.

Education

2007 Honorary Doctorates from Benaras Hindu University, Jamia Millia Islamia
University, and Mysore University

Selected Solo Exhibitions

2010 M.F. Husain 2010 – The World is my Canvas, organized by Museum of Islamic Art (MIA), Qatar Foundation and as part of 2010 Arab Capital of Culture
2010 M.F. Husain: Early Masterpieces 1950s–70s, sponsored by the Year of India, the Cogut Center for the Humanities, and the David Winton Bell Gallery at David Winton Bell Gallery, Providence

2006 – 2007 Epic India: Paintings by M.F. Husain, Herwitz Collection of Contemporary Indian Art, Peabody Essex Museum, Salem, MA

2006 Early Masterpieces 1950-70’s, Asia House Gallery, London

2005 Exhibition of Prints, Collector’s Paradise Gallery, Mumbai

2004 Husain (An Exhibition of Graphic Prints in Honor of M S Subbalakshmi), Lakshana Museum of Fine Arts, Chennai
2004 National Gallery of Modern Art (NGMA), Mumbai
2004 Husain: Graphic 2004, Pictures and Frames, Mumbai

2003 ’88 Husains in Oils 2003, Vadehra Art Gallery, New Delhi
2003 Husain Hieroglyph, Pundole Art Gallery, Mumbai
2003 M. F. Husain in Oils, Pundole Art Gallery, Mumbai
2003 Thief of Baghdad, Pundole Art Gallery, Mumbai
2003 Gallerie 88, Kolkata

2002 Paintings and Serigraphs by Husain, Sarjan Art Gallery, Baroda
2002 M. F. Husain, Limited Edition Graphics and Reproduction, Sakshi Gallery in
association with Archer Art Gallery, Ahmedabad
2002 Madhuri as Saratchandra’s Chandramukhi: The Eternal Enchantress of
Devdas, Tao Art Gallery, Mumbai

2000 Paintings, Murals and Drawings, Husain Ki Sarai Collection, New Delhi

1998 Maqbool Fida Husain: The Beacon of Energy, The Window, Mumbai
1998 Husain Now, Centre for International Modern Art (CIMA), Kolkata

1996 From Sinhasan to Peacock Throne to the Chair of the 21st Century: M. F.
Husain and Jehangir Nagree Exhibition of Furniture, organized by The Living Room at Taj Mahal Hotel, Mumbai
1996 Exhibition of Water Colors and Object Based Works’, Jehangir Art Gallery, Mumbai
1996 Screening of Film ‘Gaja Gamini’, along with an exhibition of lithographs and
selected works, New Delhi

1995 Maqbool Fida Husain, Art Today, New Delhi
1995 14 Serigraphs on Madhuri Dixit, Surya Gallery, Hyderabad
1995 A Visual Script of ‘Untitled Film on Madhuri, Pundole Art Gallery, Mumbai

1994 Tapestry Show, Vadehra Art Gallery, New Delhi
1994 Oils on Canvas, 31st Anniversary Exhibition, Pundole Art Gallery, Mumbai

1993 Let History Cut Across Me Without Me, organized by Vadehra Art Gallery,
New Delhi at National Gallery of Modern Art (NGMA), New Delhi
1993 Civilization, Violence and Pather Panchali, at National Gallery of Modern Art (NGMA), New Delhi

1992 Six Days of Live Painting, Tata Centre, Kolkata

1991 Knight Watch, Vadehra Art Gallery, New Delhi
1991 Shwetambari, Installation at Jehangir Art Gallery, Mumbai
1991 Front Page, Centre for Contemporary art (CCA), New Delhi

1990 Theatre of the Absurd, Installations, New Delhi

1989 Calcutta 300, Vadehra Art Gallery, New Delhi

1988 Husain, Hunter Museum of Art, Tennessee, USA

1986 Images of the Raj, Sista’s Art Gallery, Bangalore

1983 Story of a Brush, Pundole Art Gallery, Mumbai

1982 Culture of the Streets, Pundole Art Gallery, Mumbai

1981 Culture of the Streets, Art Heritage, New Delhi
1981 Les Otages – Mere Theresa, Galerie Jourdan, Montreal, Canada

1980 Mother and Child: A Tribute to Mother Teresa, Calcutta Art Gallery, Kolkata

1979 Husain in Malaysia, The Hilton, Kuala Lumpur

1978 Ragmala Paintings, Centaur Hotel, Mumbai
1978 Sufi Paintings, Pundole Art Gallery, Mumbai
1978 Portrait of an Umbrella, Art Heritage, New Delhi
1978 Retrospective, Lalit Kala Akademi, New Delhi

1975 Maqbool Fida Husain, Sarla Art Centre, Chennai

1974 Commonwealth Art Centre, London, UK
1974 Moscow Museum of Oriental Art, Moscow
1974 Paintings by Husain, Worcester Art Museum, USA

1973 Retrospective, Birla Academy of Art and Culture, Kolkata
1973 Espace Cardin, Paris

1972 Paintings 1971, Pundole Art Gallery, Mumbai

1971 Ashoka Hotel, New Delhi

1969 21 Years of Painting, Jehangir Art Gallery, Mumbai

1968 Images of Kerala, Pundole Art Gallery, Mumbai
1968 Six Days of Making: Movements and Moods in Paintings, Shridharani Gallery, New Delhi

1967 New York, Poland and Czechoslovakia

1966 Mumbai
1966 Oberoi Hotel, New Delhi

1965 Drawings: The Arab Image, Gallery Chemould, Mumbai, Kolkata and New
Delhi; Gallery Waisty, Baghdad and Kabul

1964 Dhoomimal Art Gallery, New Delhi

1962 Ashoka Gallery, Kolkata
1962 Mumbai and New Delhi

1961 Ashoka Gallery, Kolkata
1961 Gallery Chemould, Mumbai

1960 – 1961 Gallery Palse, Rome
1960 Kunst Kabinet, curated by Hanna Bekker vom Rath, Frankfurt, Germany

1956 Gallery Palette, Zurich
1956 Gallery Mannes, Prague

1950 Bombay Art Society, Mumbai

Selected Group Exhibitions

2011 Continuum, Delhi Art Gallery, New Delhi
2011 Roots in the Air, Branches Below: Modern & Contemporary Art from India,
San Jose Museum of Art, CA
2011 Time Unfolded, Kiran Nadar Museum of Art (KNMA), New Delhi
2011 Celebrations 2011, Kumar Gallery, New Delhi

2010 – 2011 Figure/Landscape: Part Two, Aicon Gallery, London
2010 – 2011 Figure/Landscape: Part One, Aicon Gallery, New York
2010 – 2011 Who Has Seen Gandhi?, presented by Tangerine Art Space at Raj Bhavan; Kynkyny Art Gallery and Tangerine Art Space, Bangalore
2010 – 2011 The Modernists, RL Fine Arts, New York
2010 – 2011 The Progressives & Associates, Grosvenor Gallery, London
2010 – 2011 From Miniature to Modern: Traditions in Transition, Rob Dean Art, London in association with Pundole Art Gallery, Mumbai
2010 – 2011 Symbols and Metaphors, Centre of International Modern Art (CIMA), Kolkata
2010 – 2011 Masters of Maharashtra, collection from Lalit Kala Akademi, New Delhi at Piramal Gallery, National Center for the Performing Arts (NCPA), Mumbai

2010 Evolve: 10th Anniversary Show, Tao Art Gallery, Mumbai
2010 Art Dubai 2010, presented by Aicon Gallery, New York
2010 Manifestations IV, Delhi Art Gallery, New Delhi
2010 Roots, 25th Anniversary Exhibition of Sakshi Gallery, Mumbai at The Park, Chennai
2010 Celebration 2010, Kumar Art Gallery, New Delhi

2009 – 2010 Master Class, The Arts Trust, Mumbai

2009 Bharat Ratna: Jewels of Modern Indian Art, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston
2009 In Search of the Vernacular, Aicon Gallery, New York
2009 Indian Harvest, presented by Crimson, The Art Resouce, Bangalore at S.G. Private Banking, Singapore
2009 Long Gone & Living Now, Gallerie Mirchandani + Steinreucke, Mumbai
2009 Kalpana: Figurative Art in India, presented by The Indian Council for Cultural Relations (ICCR) at Aicon Gallery, London
2009 Progressive to Altermodern: 62 Years of Indian Modern Art, Grosvenor Gallery, London
2009 Spirit of India, co-exhibition with S.H. Raza, Kings Road Galleries, London
Armory Show New York, presented by Vadehra Art Gallery, New Delhi
2009 Ltd. Edition, Gallery Threshold, New Delhi

2008 – 2009 Signs Taken for Wonders: Recent Art from India and Pakistan, Aicon Gallery, London
2008 – 2009 Modern India, presented by Institut Valencià d'Art Modern (IVAM) and Casa
2008 – 2009 Asia, in collaboration with the Ministry of Culture at Valencia, Spain
2008 – 2009 Indian Highway, presented in Collaboration with Astrup Fearnley Museum of Modern Art, Oslo at Serpentine Gallery, London; Herning Museum of Contemporary Art, Denmark
2008 – 2009 Paz Mandala, Lalit Kala Akademi, New Delhi

2008 Winter Moderns, Aicon Gallery, New York and London
2008 Frame Figure Field: 20th Century Modern and Contemporary Indian Art, Delhi Art Gallery, New Delhi
2008 Modern and Contemporary Indian Art, Vadehra Art Gallery, New Delhi
2008 Multiple Modernities: India, 1905-2005, Philadelphia Museum of Art,
2008 Freedom 2008 – Sixty Years of Indian Independence, Centre for International
Modern Art (CIMA), Kolkata
2008 Tales, Reflection and Constructs, Galerie 88, Kolkata
2008 Exhibition of Seri–Prints, Studio Vasant, New Delhi
2008 Moderns, Royal Cultural Centre at Amman, Jordan; organized by Lalit Kala Akademi, New Delhi, with Embassy of India, Amman, Jordan
2008 Harvest 2008, organized by Arushi Arts at The Stainless Gallery, New Delhi

2007 – 2008 From Everyday To The Imagined: Modern Indian Art, Museum of Art, Seoul
National University, Seoul

2007 Epic India: Paintings by M.F. Husain, Peabody Essex Museum,
Massachusetts, USA
2007 From the Vault, Aicon Gallery, London and New York
2007 Gateway Bombay, Peabody Essex Museum, Salem, MA

2006 Pictorial Glimpses, National Gallery of Modern Art (NGMA), Mumbai
2006 Summer Show, Centre for International Modern Art (CIMA), Kolkata
2006 M.F. Husain: Early Masterpieces 1950s-70s, Asia House, London
2006 The Moderns Revisited, Grosvenor Vadehra, London
2006 Shadow Lines, Vadehra Art Gallery, New Delhi
2006 Making of Divinity, Sakshi Gallery, Mumbai

2005 Manifestations III, curated by Delhi Art Gallery at Nehru Center, Mumbai,
and Lalit Kala Akademi, New Delhi.
2005 Drishti/Vision: Indian Contemporary Artists, Valentine Willie Fine Art, Kuala Lumpur
2005 Evoking Rasa in Luminous Visions: Indian Art, Worcester Art Museum, Worcester
2005 Ashta Nayak: Eight Pioneers of Indian Art, Aicon Gallery, New York
2005 The Sacred Feminine, Shridharani Gallery, New Delhi
2005 Still Life: The Inscrutable Genre, Art Motif, New Delhi

2004 20 / 20 – A Vision: Looking Back / Looking Forward, Apparao Galleries, Chennai
2004 Ruminations, Taj Mahal Hotel, Mumbai; The Forum, New Delhi; Windsor Manor Hotel, Bangalore; Museum Gallery, Mumbai
2004 Jiva / Life, Bodhi Art, Singapore
2004 Portrait of a Decade, Jehangir Art Gallery, Mumbai
2004 Manifestations II, curated by Delhi Art Gallery at Jehangir Art Gallery, Mumbai and Delhi Art Gallery, New Delhi.
2004 Concept and Form, Vadehra Art Gallery, New Delhi

2003 Anniversary Master Strokes, Art Musings, Mumbai
2003 Manifestations I, organized by Delhi Art Gallery at World Trade Center, Mumbai and Delhi Art Gallery, New Delhi.

2002 Art Musings 2002, Art Musings, Mumbai
2002 Colors of India, organized by Birla Academy of Art and Culture, Kolkata at Mumbai

2001 Anniversary Return to Eden, Art Musings, Mumbai
2001 Modern Indian Art, Metropolitan Pavilion, New York
2001 Jubilant Gold: 50 Years of Artists, Artists’ Centre, Mumbai

2000 Distillations, Birla Academy of Art and Culture, Kolkata
2000 Timeless Vision: Contemporary Art from the Herwitz Collection, Haggerty Museum of Art, Milwaukee, WI
2000 New Works, The Fine Art Resource, Berlin

1998 Ruminations, Apollo Apparao Galleries, Mumbai
1998 The Window, Mumbai

1997 Indian Painters Having Lives in France, Alliance Francaise, Pondicherry
1997 The Indian Beast, Apparao Galleries, Chennai
1997 Inaugural Exhibition, Art Indus, New Delhi
1997 Tribute to Mother Teressa, Art Indus, New Delhi
1997 The Keehn Collection: Important Paintings of Post Independence India, Bose Pacia, New York
1997 Colors of Independence, National Gallery of Modern Art (NGMA), New Delhi

1996 Contemporary Indian Paintings: The Chester and Davida Herwitz
1996 Collection, Pt. II, Sotheby’s Auction, New York
1996 Modern and Contemporary Indian Paintings: One Hundred Years, Sotheby’s Auction, London

1995 River of Art, Art Today, New Delhi
1995 Contemporary Indian Paintings: The Chester and Davida Herwitz Collection, Pt. I, Sotheby’s Auction, New York
1995 Art India Now: Important Contemporary Artists, Bose Pacia, New York
1995 Mithuna, 91C Jermyn Street, London

1994 Art Today, New Delhi
1994 Pundole Art Gallery, Mumbai

1993 Reflection and Images, Mumbai
1993 Wounds, Centre of International Modern Art (CIMA), Kolkata

1991 National Exposition of Contemporary Art, National Gallery of Modern Art
(NGMA), New Delhi
1991 Husain, Husain and Husain, Egypt
1991 Remembering Kali Pundole on its 28th Anniversary, Mumbai
1991 State of Art, Jehangir Art Gallery, Mumbai
1991 Nine Indian Contemporaries, Centre for Contemporary Art (CCA), New Delhi

1988 Festival of India, Takoka Municipal Museum of Art & Meugro Museum of
Art, Tokyo

1987 Indian Drawing Today, Mumbai
1987 Festival of India, Russia
1987 Coups de Couer, Halle de I’lle, Geneva

1986 Indian Art Tomorrow, The Phillips Collections, Washington D.C
1986 Contemporary Indian Art, Grey Art Gallery, New York

1985 – 1986 Festival of India, Exhibition of Contemporary Indian Art, New York University, NY
1985 – 1986 Indian Art Today: 4 Artists, Washington D.C, USA
1985 – 1986 Contemporary Art in India, Worcester, USA
1985 – 1986 Bharat Bhavan Biennale, Bhopal

1985 100 Jahre Indische Malerei, Altes Museum, Berlin
1985 Six Indian Painters, Tate Gallery, London

1982 Indische Kunst Heute, Kunsthalle Darmstadt
1982 Contemporary Indian Art, Festival of India, Royal Academy of Arts, London
1982 India: Myth and Reality, Aspects of Modern Indian Art, Oxford, UK
1982 Modern Indian Paintings, Hirshhorn Museum, Washington, DC.
1982 Pundole Art Gallery, Mumbai

1973 Gallery Chanakya, New Delhi

1972 A Painter Makes a Film, Pundole Art Gallery, Mumbai

1971 São Paulo Biennale, special invitee with Pablo Picasso, Brazil

1970 Art Today II, Ashoka Gallery, Kolkata and Shridharni Gallery, New Delhi

1969 Art Today I, New Delhi

1967 25 Years of Paintings seen in Bombay, Mumbai

1966 Commonwealth Art Exhibition, London
1966 Art Now in India, London and Brussels

1964 Indian Paintings Now, London

1962 Asoka Art Gallery, Kolkata

1961 Gallery Chemould, Mumbai

1960 Tokyo Biennale, Japan

1959 São Paulo Biennale, Brazil
1959 Tokyo Biennale, Japan

1958 Eight Painters, International Culture Centre, New Delhi

1955 National Exhibition, Lalit Kala Akademi, New Delhi
1955 Venice Biennale, Italy

1953 Venice Biennale, Italy

1951 Salon de Mai, France

1950 Calcutta Group and Progressive Art Group, Kolkata
1950 Bombay Art Society's Salon, Mumbai

1948 – 1956 Group Exhibitions with Progressive Art Group

Cinematography

2011 Pehla Sitara (Writer)

2008 Halla Bol (Thanks, as M.F. Husain)

2004 Meenaxi: Tale of 3 Cities (Director/Writer)

2003 Tehzeeb (Thanks, as M.F. Husain)

2000 Gaja Gamini (Director/Art Department/Writer/Actor)
2000 Fiza (Thanks – as M.F. Husain)

1997 Mohabbat (Actor, as himself)

1991 Henna (Art Department/Paintings); tribute to Raj Kapoor

1967 Through the Eyes of a Painter (Director/Writer)

Awards and Honors

2007 Raja Ravi Varma Award, Government of Kerala
2007 Honorary Doctorates, Benaras Hindu University (BHU), Varanasi
2007 Honorary Doctorates, Jamia Millia Islamia University, New Delhi
2007 Honorary Doctorates, Mysore University, Mysore

2004 Lalit Kala Ratna, Lalit Kala Akademi, New Delhi

1997 Aditya Vikram Birla ‘Kalashikkar’ Award for Lifetime Achievement

1991 Padma Vibhushan, Government of India

1973 Padma Bhushan, Government of India

1968 National Award for ‘Best Experimental Film’ Through the Eyes of a Painter, India

1967 Awarded ‘Golden Bear’ for film Through the Eyes of a Painter, International
1967 Berlin Film Festival, Germany; purchased by Museum of Modern Art, NY

1966 Padma Shree, Government of India

1959 International Biennale Award, Tokyo

1955 Padma Shree, Government of India
First Prize at National Exhibition of Art, Lalit Kala Akademi, New Delhi

1947 Bombay Art Society, Mumbai

RAM KUMAR

Born 1924, in Simla, Himanchal Pradesh, India.

Ram Kumar, like many of the first generation of post-colonial Indian artists – including such figures as F. N. Souza, M. F. Husain, S. H. Raza and Akbar Padamsee – combined an internationalist desire with the need to represent and belong to their homeland. In its internationalist mood, this generation looked to the early 20th-century modernisms of Paris, London and Vienna for inspiration; its need to belong prompted an interest in the construction of a viable “Indian” aesthetic that bore a dynamic relationship to an Indian identity. With Ram Kumar, this quest for an indigenous tenor has not meant a superficial inventory of ‘native’ motifs offered as evidence of a static and essentialist Indian identity. Instead, Kumar demonstrated that a painter can enact the innermost dramas of his culture while maintaining the individualistic idiosyncrasy of his performance.

Ram Kumar lives and works in New Delhi.

Education

1949 – 1952 Atelier Fernand Leger and Andre Lhote, Paris

1946 M.A. in Economics from St. Stephen's College, New Delhi

1945 Evening Classes at the Sharada Ukil School, New Delhi

Select Solo Exhibitions

2011 Ram Kumar – A Retrospective, Aicon Gallery, London
2011 Chawla Art Gallery, New Delhi

2010 – 2011 Selected Works: 1949-2010, presented by Vadehra Art Gallery at Rabindra Bhavan, Lalit
2010 – 2011 Kala Akademi; Vadehra Art Gallery, New Delhi

2010 Ram Kumar – A Retrospective, Aicon Gallery, New York

2009 Selected Works, Vadehra Art Gallery, New Delhi

2008 Homage to Kekoo Gandhy, Chemould Prescott Road, Mumbai
2008 Vadehra Art Gallery, New Delhi

2007 Reflective Landscapes, Aicon Gallery, New York
2007 You shall remain hidden, Gallery Espace, New Delhi
2007 Materia Prima, Anant Art Gallery, New Delhi

2006 Vadehra Art Gallery, New Delhi

2005 Pundole Art Gallery, Mumbai
2005 Vadehra Art Gallery, New Delhi

2003 Vadehra Art Gallery, New Delhi

2002 Recent Works, IndoCenter, Chelsea, presented by Saffronart and Pundole Art Gallery; Mumbai; New Delhi; San Francisco; New York

2001 Vadehra Art Gallery, New Delhi

2000 Landscapes from New Zealand, Vadehra Art Gallery, New Delhi

1999 Pundole Art Gallery, Mumbai

1997 Arks Gallery, London
1997 Amadavada Ni Gufa, Ahemdabad

1996 Pages From a Sketch Book, Pundole Art Gallery, Mumbai
1996 Ram Kumar – A Journey Within, Vadehra Art Gallery, New Delhi

1994 Jehangir Art Gallery, organized by Vadehra Art Gallery, New Delhi

1993 Vadehra Art Gallery, New Delhi

1992 Vadehra Art Gallery, New Delhi
1992 Pundole Art Gallery, Mumbai

1991 Chitrakoot Gallery, Kolkata

1990 Pundole Art Gallery, Mumbai
1990 Center for Contemporary Art, New Delhi

Select Group Exhibitions

2011 Masterclass, Dhoomimal Art Gallery, New Delhi

2010 Paper Trails, Vadehra Art Gallery, New Delhi
2010 The Progressive & Associates, Grosvenor Gallery, London
2010 From Miniature to Modern: Traditions in Transition, Rob Dean Art, London in Association with Pundole Art Gallery, Mumbai
2010 Master Class, The Arts Trust, Mumbai
2010 Etchings, Lithographs, and Serigraphs, Grosvenor Gallery, London

2009 Moderns and More, Aicon Gallery, New York
Indian Art After Independence: Selected Works from the Collections of Virginia & Ravi Akhoury and Shelley & Donald Rubin, Emily Lowe Gallery, Hempstead
2009 Progressive to Altermodern: 62 Years of Indian Modern Art, Grosvenor Gallery, London
2009 Tracing Time, Bodhi Art, Mumbai

2008 Contemporary and Modern Indian Art, Vadehra Art Gallery, New Delhi
2008 Post Independence Masters, Aicon Gallery, New York
2008 Freedom 2008 – Sixty Years of Indian Independence, Centre for International Modern Art (CIMA), Kolkata
2008 Towards friendship… Ram Kumar marks 50 years of knowing Kekoo Gandhy, Chemould Art Gallery, Mumbai

2007 Winter Moderns, Aicon Gallery, New York

2006 Shadow Lines, Vadehra Art Gallery, New Delhi
2006 Moderns Revisited, Grosvenor Gallery, London

2005 Resonance, Art Musings Gallery, Mumbai

2004 Concept and Form, Vadehra Art Gallery, New Delhi

2001 Ashta Nayak, Tao Art Gallery, Mumbai
2001 Modern Indian Art, organized by Saffronart and Pundole Art Gallery, Metropolitan Pavilion, New York

2000 Akbar Pademese - Exhibition of Paintings by M F Husain, Ram Kumar, Krishen Khanna, Tyeb Mehta, S H Raza and Akbar Padamese, Vadehra Art Gallery, New Delhi

1997 Image-Beyond Image, a Traveling Exhibition of Works from the Blenbarra Art Museum, Japan, at New Delhi, Kolkata, Bangalore and Mumbai

1996 The Moderns, National Gallery of Modern Art (NGMA), Mumbai

1995 Gallery Raku, Japan

1988 Three Indian Artists, Karachi, Pakistan

1987 – 1988 Festival of India shows in the then USSR and Japan

1987 Coups de Coeur, Geneva, Switzerland

1985 Artistes Indiens en France, Foundation Nationale des Arts Graphiques et Plastiques, Paris

1973 Indian Contemporary Painting, a traveling exhibition in the U.S. and Canada

1967 Joint exhibition with M.F. Husain in Delhi and Prague, Czechoslovakia

1957 Graham Gallery, New York
1957 Gallery One, London

Awards and Fellowships

2010 Padma Bhushan, Government of India

2003 Officers Arts et Letters, French Government

1986 Kalidas Samman by the Madya Pradesh State Government

1972 Uttar Pradesh State Government for short stories in Hindi
1972 Padmashree from Indian Government for short stories

1970 JD Rockefeller fund fellowship

1959 Honorable Mention, Sao Paolo Biennale

1958 National Award, New Delhi

1956 National Award, New Delhi

S.H. RAZA

Born February 22nd 1922 in Babaria, Madhya Pradesh, India

Since emerging as an artist in 1940’, S. H. Raza’s (Full name: Syed Haider Raza) subject, style and technique have evolved over distinct stages, drawing influence from his migration to France, his involvement with Abstract Expressionism in the 1950s and 1960s, and ultimately his return to a core Indian aesthetic philosophy in the 1970s. Though distinct, these marked periods form a continuum - one that is a testament to the artist’s constant negotiation, development and evolution of his painterly vision. Breaking away from specific locations in time and space, or the confines of a nationalistic focus, his body of work is trans-cultural in its appeal, proving Raza an especially significant Indian artist on a worldwide stage.

Education

1950 – 1953 Ecole Nationale des Beaux-Arts, Paris

1943 – 1947 Sir J.J. School of Art, Mumbai

1939 – 1943 Nagpur School of Art, Nagpur

Select Solo Exhibitions

2010 Raza Ceramiques, Galerie Flora J, Paris
2010 Galerie Patrice Trigano, Paris
2010 RL Fine Arts, New York
2010 Akar Prakar, Kolkata
2010 Recent Works, Vadehra Art Gallery, New Delhi

2007 Raza; a retrospective, Saffronart, New York
Celebrating 85 Years of Living Legend S H Raza, a Traveling Exhibition at Hong Kong, 2007 Singapore, Dubai, Mumbai, New Delhi organized by Aryan Art Gallery, New Delhi

2006 Rang Ras – S. H. Raza, Tao Art Gallery, Mumbai
2006 Metamorphosis, Aryan Art Gallery, Mumbai, Delhi and Hong Kong

2005 Saffronart and Berkeley Square Gallery, London and New York
Aryan Art Gallery, Delhi
2005 Tao Art Gallery, Mumbai

2004 Aryan Art Gallery, Delhi

2002 Jehangir Art Gallery, Sharan Apparao Gallery, Gallery Chemould, Mumbai

1999 Gallery Art 54, New York

1997 Le Parcons du regard, Oletta, Corsices, France
1997 Galleri Grewal Mohanjeet, Paris
1997 Roopankar Museum of Fine Arts, Bharat Bhavan, Bhopal; Jehangir Art Gallery, Mumbai; National Gallery of Modern Art, Delhi.

1994 L’Artheque d’Enterprise, Group Michel Ferrier, Echirolle, Grenoble

1992 Jehangir Nicholsan Museum, National Centre for Performing Arts, Mumbai
1992 Parcours des Arts, La Louvesc, France

1991 Retrospective 1952-1991, Palais Carnles, Musee de Menton, France
1991 Galerie Eterso, Cannes

Select Group Exhibitions

2011 POP: Progressives on Paper, Aicon Gallery, NY
2011 Anecdotes, Sakshi Gallery, New Delhi
2011 Masterclass, Dhoomimal Art Gallery, New Delhi
2011 Continuum, Delhi Art Gallery, New Delhi

2010 Besides Paris, Birla Academy of Art and Culture, Kolkata
2010 Paper Trails, Vadehra Art Gallery, New Delhi
2010 The Progressives & Associates, Grosvenor Gallery, London
2010 From Miniature to Modern: Traditions in Transition, Rob Dean Art, London
2010 Above and Beyond, Aicon Gallery, London
2010 Masters of Maharashtra, collection from Lalit Kala Akademi, New Delhi, at Piramal Gallery, National Center for the Performing Arts, Mumbai

2009 Bharat Ratna! Jewels of Modern Indian Art, Museum of Fine Artsm Boston
2009 Indian Art After Independence: Selected Works from the Collections of Virginia & Ravi
2009 Akhoury and Shelley & Donald Rubin, Emily Lowe Gallery, Hempstead
2009 In Search of the Vernacular, Aicon Gallery, New York
2009 Think Small, Art Alive Gallery, New Delhi
2009 Progressive to Altermodern: 62 Years of Indian Modern Art, Grosvenor Gallery, London
2009 Masterclass, The Arts Trust, Mumbai

2008 Freedom 2008 : Sixty Years After Indian Independence, Centre for International Modern Art (CIMA), Kolkata

2007 – 2008 India Art Now: Between Continuity and Transformation, Province of Milan, Milan, Italy

2005 Aicon Gallery, New York

2004 Aryan Art Gallery, Delhi
2004 S. H. Raza and Manish Pushkale – Recent Works’, Guild Art Gallery, Mumbai
2004 Art Musings, Mumbai

2003 Des duos et des couples, Aixen Provence, France (with Pablo Picasso and Francoise Gillot)

2002 Jane Woorhese Zimmerli Art Museum, New Jersey; Jehangir Art Gallery, Mumbai
2002 Saffronart and Pundole Art Gallery, Metropolitan Pavilion, New York

2001 Saffronart and Pundole Art Gallery, Metropolitan Pavilion, New York
2001 Indian Contemporary Fine Art, Saffronart and Apparao Galleries, Los Angeles
2001 Symphony in White’, Gallery 7, Mumbai
2001 Cultural Ties, Kapil Jariwala Gallery, London

2000 Arthur M. Sackler Gallery and Smithsonian Freer Gallery of Art, Smithsonian Institute, Washington D.C.
2000 Fukuoka Asian Art Museum, Fukuoka, Japan

Awards and Honors

2007 Awarded the ’Padma Bhushani’, by the Goevrnment of India

2004 Lalit Kala Ratna Puraskar, Lalit Kala Akademi, New Delhi

1981 Awarded the ’Padma Shri’, by the Goevrnment of India
1981 Elected Fellow of the Lalit Kala Akademi, New Delhi
1981 Awarded Kalidas Sanman National Award, Government of Madhya Pradesh

1956 Awarded the ‘Prix de la Critique’, Paris

1948 Gold Medal, Bombay Art Society, Mumbai

1946 Silver Medal, Bombay Art Society, Mumbai

FRANCIS NEWTON SOUZA (1924 – 2002)

Born 1924 in Saligaon, Goa, India

As one of the original founders of the Progressive Artists' Group in 1947 – along with M.F. Husain, Raza, Ara and others – F. N. Souza led the edge of the Indian modernist art movement. He is widely recognized as a leading modernist, and was the only Indian artist to be included in Tate Modern’s group exhibition on 20th Century Modernism in 2002.

Souza’s works have reflected the influence of various facets of art: the folk art of his native Goa, the full-blooded paintings of the Renaissance, the religious fervor of the Catholic Church, the landscapes of 18th and 19th century Europe, along with the distinctive work of the Cubists. A recurrent theme in his work is the dichotomy of male/female relationships, with his emphasis upon the related conflicts, friction and sexual tensions. In his drawings, he used line with economy, while still able to capture fine detail in his forms; he also favored a profusion of crosshatched strokes that compose the overall structure of his subject and style.

An iconoclast known for his powerful and provocative imagery, F. N. Souza’s unrestrained and graphic style created much controversy in his life and work. His repertoire of subjects covers still life, landscape, nudes and icons of Christianity, boldly rendered in a frenzied distortion of form. Souza's paintings express defiance and impatience with convention and the banality of everyday life.

In 1942, Souza was expelled from the J.J. School of Art for partaking in the ‘Quit India’ movement. He left for London in 1949, making his mark on the European art scene and rose to fame with his 1955 solo show at Gallery One, London – the same year his autobiographical essay Nirvana of a Maggot was published. In 1967, he migrated to New York where he received the Guggenheim International Award.

Died 2002 in Mumbai (Bombay), India

Education

1940 – 1945 Diploma in Painting, Sir J.J. School of Art, Mumbai

1960 Study Tour of Italy, Italian Government Scholarship

Select Solo and Group Exhibitions – Posthumous

2011 Natural Bodies, Subverted Canons, Vadehra Art Gallery, New Delhi
2011 Goddess, Lion, Peasant, Priest: Modern and Contemporary Indian Art, from the Collection of Shelley and Donald Rubin at Museum Oglethorpe, Atlanta
2011 High-Light, presented by Sakshi Gallery, Mumbai at the Oberoi, Gurgaon
2011 Manifestations V, Delhi Art Gallery, New Delhi
2011 Masterclass, Dhoomimal Art Gallery, New Delhi
2011 Time Unfolded, Kiran Nadar Museum of Art, New Delhi
2011 Roots in the Air, Branches Below: Modern & Contemporary Art from India, San Jose Museum of Art, San Jose
2011 Continuum, Delhi Art Gallery, New Delhi
2011 Celebrations 2011, Kumar Gallery, New Delhi

2010 – 2011 Figure/Landscape: Part Two, Aicon Gallery, London

2010 Figure/Landscape: Part One, Aicon Gallery, New York
2010 The Modernists, RL Fine Arts, New York
2010 Paper Trails, Vadehra Art Gallery, New Delhi
2010 A Missing History: 'The Other Story' Re-visited, Aicon Gallery, London
2010 The Progressives & Associates, Grosvenor Gallery, London
2010 A. SYCO, The Viewing Room, Mumbai
2010 From Miniature to Modern: Traditions in Transition, Rob Dean Art, London in association with Pundole Art Gallery, Mumbai
2010 Volte-Face: Souza's Iconoclastic Vision, presented by Dhoomimal Gallery at Lalit Kala Akademi, New Delhi
2010 Cross Purposes, Mascalls Gallery, West Kent; Ben Uri Museum, London
2010 Vahana, Bombay Art Gallery, Mumbai
2010 Manifestations IV, Delhi Art Gallery, New Delhi
2010 Roots, 25th Anniversary Exhibition of Sakshi Art Gallery, Mumbai at the Park, Chennai
2010 Celebration 2010, Annual Exhibition, Kumar Art Gallery, New Delhi

2009 Master Class, The Arts Trust, Mumbai
Anglo-Indian Express, Grosvenor Gallery, London
Bharat Ratna! Jewels of Modern Indian Art, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston
Indian Art After Independence: Selected Works from the Collections of Virginia & Ravi Akhoury and Shelley & Donald Rubin, Emily Lowe Gallery, Hempstead
2009 F.N.Souza: Heads, Landscapes and Nudes, Grosvenor Gallery, London
2009 In Search of the Vernacular, Aicon Gallery, New York
2009 Progressive to Altermodern: 62 Years of Indian Modern Art, Grosvenor Gallery, London
2009 Kalpana: Figurative Art in India, presented by The Indian Council for Cultural
2009 Relations (ICCR) at Aicon Gallery, London; The Indian Council for Cultural Relations (ICCR)
2009 Tracing Time, Bodhi Art, Mumbai
2009 Armory Show, New York presented by Vadehra Art Gallery, New Delhi
2009 Modern India, organized by Institut Valencià d'Art Modern (IVAM) and Casa Asia, Ministry of Culture at Valencia, Spain
2009 Expanding Horizons: Contemporary Indian Art, Traveling Exhibition presented by Bodhi Art at Ravinder Natya Mandir, P.L.Despande Kala Academy Art Gallery, Mumbai; Sant Dyaneshwar Natya Sankul Art Gallery, Amravati; Platinum Jubilee Hall, Nagpur; Tapadia Natya Mandir Sports Hall, Aurangabad; Hirachand Nemchand Vachanalay’s, Solapur; Acharya Vidyanand Sanskrutik Bhavan, Kolhapur; PGSR Sabhagriha, SNDT, Pune; Sarvajanik Vachanalaya Hall, Nasik

2008 Frame Figure Field: 20th Century Modern and Contemporary Indian Art, Delhi Art Gallery, New Delhi
2008 3 Masters Briefly, Akar Prakar, Kolkata
2008 F.N.Souza, presented by Saffronart and Grosvenor Gallery, London at Saffronart, New York
2008 Modern and Contemporary Indian Art, Vadehra Art Gallery, New Delhi
2008 Multiple Modernities: India, 1905-2005, Philadelphia Museum of Art, USA
2008 Freedom 2008: Sixty Years After Indian Independence, Centre for International Modern Art (CIMA), Kolkata
2008 Tales, Reflection and Constructs, ITC Windsor, Bangalore
2008 Summer Collection, Works by Modern and Contemporary South Asian Artists, Aicon Gallery, London
2008 Winter Moderns, M.F. Husain, F.N. Souza, Shyamal Dutta Ray, Satish Gujral and Prabha, Aicon Gallery, New York
2008 The Ghost of Souza, Aicon Gallery, New York

2007 From the Vault, Aicon Gallery, London and New York
2007 Bacon, Freud, Mehta, Souza, Grosvenor Vadehra, New Delhi

2005 – 2006 F. N. Souza, Religion & Erotica, Tate Britain, London
2005 – 2006 Self-Portrait, Renaissance to Contemporary, National Portrait Gallery, London

2005 Francis Newton Souza, Saffronart and Grosvenor Gallery, London/New York
2005 Ashta Nayak: Eight Pioneers of Indian Art, Gallery ArtsIndia, New York
2005 Modern Indian Paintings, Grosvenor Gallery, London
2005 A Tribute to F. N. SOUZA, Kumar Gallery, New Delhi /Manifestations III, Nehru Centre, Mumbai; Rabindra Bhavan, New Delhi, and Delhi Art Gallery, New Delhi

2004 Manifestations II, Jehangir Gallery and the Delhi Art Gallery
2004 Ethos: Contemporary Indian Art, Indigo Blue Art, Singapore
2004 Souza in London, curated by Yashodhara Dalmia from the Bhayana family collection, British Council, New Delhi

2003 Modern Indian Paintings, Grosvenor Gallery, London
2003 Francis Newton Souza: Works on Paper, Saffronart, Mumbai
2003 F.N Souza: A Definitive Retrospective, Gallery Artsindia, New York
2003 Manifestations, Delhi Art Gallery

2002 Souza and Friends, Grosvenor Gallery, London
2002 Souza in Bombay and Goa, Art Musings Gallery, Mumbai

2001 Souza: A Modern Myth, Gallery 88, Calcutta

Select Solo Exhibitions

2001 Francis Newton Souza Rare Works: 1965-2001, Galerie 88, Kolkata

1999 Copeland Fine Art Gallery, Columbus, Ohio, USA

1998 Bose Pacia Modern, New York

1997 Souza: A Retrospective, Julian Hartnolls Gallery, London

1996 Art Heritage, New Delhi
1996 Souza from the Alkazi Collection, Academy of Fine Arts and Literature New Delhi
1996 The Acrylics of Souza, L.T.G. Art Gallery, New Delhi

1995 The Chemicals of Souza, L. T.G. Art Gallery, New Delhi

1993 Souza, 1940s-1990s, Dhoomimal Art Gallery, New Delhi

1985 Pundole Art Gallery, Mumbai

1983 Souza in the Forties, Dhoomimal Art Gallery, New Delhi

1976 Dhoomimal Art Gallery,New Delhi

1975 76 Arts 38, London.

1968 London Arts Gallery Detroit, USA.

1966 Dhoomimal Art Gallery, New Delhi
1966 Grosvenor Gallery, London

1963 Taj Gallery, Mumbai

1962 Kumar Gallery, New Delhi.

1961 Gallery One, London
1961 62 North Audley Street London.

1960 Gallery One, London

1959 Gallery One, London

1957 Gallery One, London

1955 Gallery One, London.

1954 Institute of Contemporary Arts, London
1954 Gallery Creuze,London

1951 Indian Embassy, London

Select Group Exhibitions

2001 Souza & Baiju, Saffronart and Apparao Galleries, Mumbai

1996 National Gallery of Modern Art, Mumbai

1987 Coups de Coeur, Halles de L’Ile, Geneva

1986 Dhoomimal Art Gallery, New Delhi

1985 East-West Visual Arts Encounter, Bombay

1982 Modern Indian Paintings, Hirschorn Museum & Sculpture Garden Washington D.C.
1982 India: Myth and Reality, Museum of Modern Art, Oxford, UK
1982 Contemporary Indian Art, Royal Academy, London

1977 Commonwealth Artists of Fame, London

1972 Minneapolis International Art Festival, USA

1968 Tate Gallery, London

1967 Guggenheim Foundation, USA

1965 Art Now in India, Arts Council of Great Britain, London

1964 Grosvenor Gallery, 1964

1962 Commonwealth Institute, London

1961 Museum of Modern Art, Sao Paulo/Rio de Janeiro

1958 Guggenheim Museum, USA
1958 Whitechapel Art Gallery, London

1957 John Moore's Exhibition, Walker Art Gallery Liverpool

1956 Gallery One, London

1957 Gallery One, London

1959 Gallery One, London

1960 Gallery One, London

1954 Venice Biennale, Italy
1954 Institute of Contemporary Arts, London

1949 Bombay Art Society Salon, Mumbai

1948 Progressive Artists’ Group, Inaugural Exhibition

Awards

1960 Italian Government Scholarship (through the British Council)

1967 Guggenheim International Award, New York

1957 John Moores Prize, Liverpool

Public Collections

National Gallery of Modern Art, New Delhi
Baroda Museum, Baroda
National Gallery of Modern Art, Mumbai
CIMA – Centre International Modern Art, Calcutta
Delhi Art Gallery, New Delhi
Tate, London, UK
Glenbarra Museum, Himeji, Japan