SHYAMAL DUTTA RAY

Born 1934, in Bihar

Diploma in Painting,CGAC (1950-55)

Shyamal Dutta Ray's body of work constitutes a major turning point in the history of the Bengal School of Art. Ray is credited with adding depth and intensity to the medium of watercolors, at a time when the Bengal school of Art traditionally used light and watery colors. His melancholic and pensive works reflect the contradictions of life around him.
Regarded as a master watercolorist, Ray is also a founding member of the Society of Contemporary Artists, an artists' collective, which sought to introduce innovativeness into the art world of the 1960s. Most of Ray's work reflects the city life of Calcutta, with its happiness and sorrow, struggle and strife, poverty and hope. The works also exhibit a sense of irony, surrealism and awareness of a disintegrating society.

The Artist passed away on 19th May 2005

Select Posthumous Exhibitions
2009 Wound, Aicon Gallery, London
75th Birth Anniversary Show, Akar Prakar, Kolkata
Tracing Time, Bodhi Art, Mumbai
2008 Post Independence Masters, Aicon Gallery, New York
Shyamal Dutta Ray Memorial Show, Akar Prakar, Kolkata
2006 Tribute, Aicon Gallery, New York

Select Exhibitions
1999 Watercolor Marks, Mumbai
Modern and Contemporary Works on Paper, Bonhams, London
1997 Exhibition, Chitrakoot Art Gallery, Kolkata
1995 Modern and Contemporary Indian Paintings, Sotheby's Auction, London
1993 Artists for Helpage, Asprey's Auction, Jehangir Art Gallery, Mumbai
Wounds, Centre for International Modern Art (CIMA), Kolkata
1991 Art For Spastics, Kolkata
Espace & Chitrakoot, Kolkata
1990 Bengal Art Today, Galerie 88, Kolkata
1987 Indian Drawing Today, Jehangir Art Gallery, Mumbai II Havana Biennale, Cuba
1985 VI International Triennale
1984 Kala Yatra and Sistas, Chennai
1983 Asian Art Biennale, Dacca
1982 Kala Yatra, Mumbai, Bangalore, London, Manchester, Paris
1981 Kala Yatra, Hyderabad Indian Painting Today, Jehangir Art Gallery, Mumbai
1976 Western Pacific Print Biennale, Australia
1971 Prints from India, Poland
1969 Traveling Exhibition, Asian Graphic Prints, USA
1958 Exhibition at Academy of Fine Arts, Kolkata


MAQBOOL FIDA HUSAIN

Born 1915, Pandharpur, Maharashtra, India

M. F. Husain is the most recognized figure of modern and contemporary Indian art; he joined the Progressives Artists Group in 1948. A self-taught artist, Husain moved to Mumbai at an early age and began his artistic career by painting the billboards for cinemas. He recalls, "We were paid barely four or six annas per square foot. That is, for a 6x10 feet canvas, we earned a few rupees. And apart from the New Theatre distributor, the others did not pay us at all. As soon as I earned a little bit I used to take off for Surat, Baroda and Ahmedabad to paint landscapes".

His first exhibition took place in 1947 with his painting Sunhera Sansaar, shown at the annual exhibition of the Bombay Art Society and Husain decided to stay in India during the Partition in 1947. Between 1948 and1950, Husain's work caught the public eye in a series of exhibitions across India and through the fifties and sixties; he traveled outside India, with his first foray into China in 1951. The following year he had his first solo exhibition in Zurich and so began a series of exhibitions across Europe and the United States. In 1966, the Government of India awarded him the Padmashree.

Over the following decades, Husain's fame spread and was glorified by what was deemed to be a rather controversial approach to his art. His Shwetambari exhibition at the Jehangir Art Gallery consisted of two halls shrouded in white cloth, whorls of which also shared the floor with torn newspapers. Later, he gave a public performance at the Tata Center in Calcutta. For several days a crowd watched as he painted pictures of six goddesses. On the last day of the exhibition he destroyed his paintings by overpainting them in white. Several of his paintings in the nineties were named after the film actress Madhuri Dixit, perhaps displaying a childhood obsession that goes back to the time of painting billboards. As reported in the Times of India, "the Padma Vibhushan awardee continues to paint events that are topmost on contemporary minds, be it the solar eclipse, the cricket mania or the victory at Kargil".

Themes in Husain’s work have repeatedly returned to his cultural roots, but he has embraced diverse influences, be that the cinematography of Buñuel to themes that have blended folk, tribal and mythological figures to create vibrantly contemporary, living art forms in his work. Icons of Indian culture through the ages seek to capture the quintessence of his subjects, like Mother Teresa, Krishna and the goddess Saraswati. Besides painting, he has also made feature films, including "Through the Eyes of a Painter" in 1966, which won the Golden Bear Award winner at the Berlin Film Festival (1967), and "Gaja Gamini" in 2000. The Government of India honoured him with the Padma Bhushan and the Padma Vibhushan awards, both prestigious civilian awards.

He lives and works between Dubai and London.

Select Solo and Group Exhibitions
2010 M F Husain 2010- The World is my Canvas, organized by Museum of Islam Art (MIA), Qatar Foundation and as part of 2010 Arab Capital of Culture
M.F. Husain: Early Masterpieces 1950s- 70s, David Winton Bell Gallery, Providence
Masters of Maharashtra, collection from Lalit Kala Akademi, New Delhi at Piramal Gallery, National Centre for the Performing Arts (NCPA), Mumbai
2009 10 'Master Class, The Arts Trust, Mumbai
Bharat Ratna! Jewels of Modern Indian Art, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston
In Search of the Vernacular, Aicon Gallery, New York
Indian Harvest, presented by Crimson- The Art Resouce, Bangalore at SG Private Banking, Singapore
Long Gone & Living Now, Gallerie Mirchandani + Steinreucke, Mumbai
Kalpana: Figurative Art in India, presented by The Indian Council for Cultural
Relations (ICCR) at Aicon Gallery, London
2009 Progressive to Altermodern: 62 Years of Indian Modern Art, Grosvenor Gallery, London
Signs Taken for Wonders: Recent Art from India and Pakistan, Aicon Gallery, London
2008 Frame Figure Field: 20th Century Modern and Contemporary Indian Art, Delhi Art Gallery, New Delhi
Modern and Contemporary Indian Art, Vadehra Art Gallery, New Delhi
Multiple Modernities: India, 1905-2005, Philadelphia Museum of Art, USA
Freedom 2008 – Sixty Years of Indian Independence’, Centre for International Modern Art (CIMA), Kolkata
Tales, Reflection and Constructs, Galerie 88, Kolkata
Exhibition of Seri – Prints, Studio Vasant, New Delhi
Winter Moderns, Aicon Gallery, New York
Winter Moderns, Aicon gallery, London
2007 From the Vault, Aicon Gallery, London and New York
Epic India: Paintings by M F Husain, Peabody Essex Museum, Massachusetts, USA
2006 M F Husain: Early Masterpieces 1950s-70s, Asia House, London, UK
The Moderns Revisited, Grosvenor Vadehra, London, UK
2005 Ashta Nayak: Eight Pioneers of Indian Art, Gallery ArtsIndia, New York
2000 New Works, The Fine Art Resource, Berlin
1995 Inaugural Exhibition; River of Art, Art Today, New Delhi
1991 National Exposition of Contemporary Art, National Gallery of Modern Art, Mumbai
1988 Takoka Municipal Museum of Art & Meugro Museum of Art, Tokyo, Japan
1987 Coups de Coeur, Halles de I’lle, Geneva, Switzerland
1986 Indian Art Today, The Philips Collection, Washington D.C.
Contemporary Indian Art, Grey Art Gallery, New York.
1986 Sista’s Art Gallery, Kala Yatra, Bangalore
1985 100 Jahre Indische Malerei, Altes Museum, Berlin
1982Modern Indian Painting, Hirshhorn Museum, Washington,DC.
Contemporary Indian Art, Festival of India, Royal Academy of Art, London
India: Myth and Reality: Aspect of Contemporary Indian Art, Museum of Modern Art,Oxford, UK
Six Indian Painters, Tate Gallery, London
Indische Kunst Heute, Kunsthalle Darmstadt
1973 Retrospective Exhibition, Birla Academy of Art and Culture, Calcutta
1971 São Paulo Biennale, Brazil
1970 Art Today -II, Asoka Art Gallery, Calcutta
1969 21 Years of Painting , Jehangir Art Gallery, Mumbai
1966 Art Now in India, Newcastle, England and Ghent, Belgium
Commonwealth Art Exhibition, London
Oberoi International Hotel, New Delhi
1965 Exhibitions in Baghdad and Kabul
1960 Tokyo Biennale, Japan
Frankfurter Kunstkabinett, organized by Hanna Bekker vom Rath
Exhibition in Rome
1959 São Paulo Biennale, Brazil. Also 1971 as special invitee together with Pablo Picasso
1958 Eight Painters, International Culture Centre, New Delhi
1956 Zurich and Prague
1955 National Exhibition, Rabindra Bhavan, Lalit Kala Akademi
Venice Biennale, Italy
1953 Indische Kunst, Rautenstrauch- Joest –Museum, Cologne
Venice Biennale, Italy
1952 Zurich
1951 Salon de Mai, Paris
1950 Bombay Art Society's Salon, Bombay
1948–56 Group Exhibitions with PAG (Progressive Artists Group)

Films
2004 Meenaxi: Tale of 3 Cities (Director and Writer)
2000 Gaja Gamini (Director, Writer, Actor)
Fiza (Thanks, as M F Husain)
1997 Mohabbat (Actor, as Himself)
1991 Henna (Art Department/Paintings: a tribute to Raj Kapoor, depicting "Henna" in line
and color)
1966 Through the Eyes of a Painter (Director and Writer)

Awards
2004 Lalit Kala Ratna, Lalit Kala Akademi, New Delhi
1967 Awarded the Golden Berlin Bear for short film 'Through the Eyes of a Painter' (produced 1966), Berlin International Film Festival, Germany
1966 Awarded Padma Shree and Padma Bhushan, Govt. of India.

Husain has received Honorary Doctorates from the following:
Benaras Hindu University
Jamia Millia Islamia
Mysore University


GEORGE KEYT

Born 1901, in Sri Lanka
Died 1993, in Colombo

Trinity College (Kandy)

Born in Sri Lanka in 1901, Keyt started exhibiting in the 1920's. His work from this period was strongly influenced by Buddhist and Hindu iconography. The 1930's saw a transition with the depiction of episodes from the Buddhist Jataka or Birth Stories, culminating in the representation of the life and times of the Buddha on the walls of the circumambulatory shrine room of Gautami Vihara in Borella in 1940. At the same time, he was also exposed to the influence of Western art, in particular the early cubist landscapes of Picasso and Braque, as well as Picasso's distortion of the human figure. It was Keyt's unique achievement to fuse these influences into a new artistic vocabulary. In 1954, his work was exhibited at the ICA (London) by Sir Herbert Read. The exhibition then traveled to the Art Institute of Rotterdam. His work is found in the permanent collections of the Victoria and Albert Museum, London, The British Museum, as well as various public collections in India and Sri Lanka. Obituaries featured in The Independent and The Times in England following his death in Colombo in 1993.

Select Solo Exhibitions
1975 George Keyt – Exhibition of Recent Paintings, French Embassy (Sri Lanka), Kalagaraya Gallery
1974 Recent paintings and Drawings, Commonwealth Art Gallery, London
1972 Lionel Weldt Memorial Exhibition, Colombo, Sri Lanka
1969 George Keyt – Exhibition of Recent Paintings, Gallery Chemould, Mumbai
Selected Paintings and Drawings by George Keyt, Indian Council for Cultural Relations.
1968 Samudra Gallery, Colombo, Sri Lanka
1956 Peradeniya University, Colombo, Sri Lanka
1954 Institute of Contemporary Arts, London
Art Institute of Rotterdam, Holland
1953 All India Fine Arts and Crafts Society (AIFACS), New Delhi and Group’ 43, Colombo in New Delhi
1946 Exhibition in India organized by Mulk Raj Anand, Anil de Silva and others

Select Group Exhibitions
1972 Lionel Wendt Memorial Exhibition, Colombo, Sri Lanka
1967 Sri Lanka Pavilion, Expo’ 67, Montreal, Canada
1936 Organized by Dr. G. P. Malasekhara and Ceylonese Society of Arts, Colombo Art Gallery, Colombo, Sri Lanka
1932 Motor Show Room, Colombo, Sri Lanka
1930 With W. W. Beling and Winzer, Ferguson Memorial Hall
1929 With Other Sri Lankan Artists, W. W. Beling, Winzer and Justin Daraniyagala, Ceylon Art Club, Colombo, Sri Lanka
1928 Memorial Exhibition in Honor of W. W. Beling, Colombo, Sri Lanka

Awards and Honors
1970 Award for Services to the Nation in the Field of Art, Ceylon Society of Art
1968 Hony. D. Litt, University of Sri Lanka, Paradeniya
1950 Declined the Offer of the Order of the British Empire

Collections
Victoria and Albert Museum, London
The British Museum, London


ANJOLIE ELA MENON

Born 1940, Burnpur, West Bengal, India

Sir J.J. School of Art, Bombay
Bachelors in Literature, Dehli University, Delhi, India
Atelier Fresque, Ecole des Beaux Arts, Paris, France (1961-62)
Study tour to France, UK and USA (invitation by the Government of France, 1980-81)

Throughout her artistic career, Anjolie Ela Menon has re-envisioned her role as an artist and has produced various bodies of work toward her aim to defy categorization. Menon’s early paintings, mainly portraits, imply inspiration from the likes of Modigliani, Van Gogh, Amrita Sher-Gil, and M. F. Husain. She comments on her approach of using flat areas of thick bright color with sharp outlines, which were done "with the vigor and brashness of extreme youth."

Menon’s studies in Paris in the 1960s exposed her to the techniques of medieval Christian iconography, particularly Byzantine art. A period of experimentation led to a muted palette of translucent colors, by her layering thin glazes of oil paint onto hardboard. The finely textured surfaces were further enhanced by burnishing the finished work with a soft dry brush, creating a glow reminiscent of medieval icons. As her style continued to evolve, Menon developed the distinctive features of early Christian art - namely the frontal perspective, the averted head, and the slight body elongation - but took the female nude as a frequent subject. The result is a dynamic relationship of eroticism and melancholy. Menon developed her artistic approach of distance and loss in her later works through her thematic depiction of black crows, empty chairs, windows, and hidden figures.

Menon’s prolific output has resulted in solo and numerous group exhibitions internationally. Her works have been acquired by major museums in India and abroad and reside in both private and corporate collections. She is also well known for her murals and has represented India at the Algiers Biennale and in Sao Paulo, Brazil. Solo exhibitions include the Winston Gallery, Washington, USA; Doma Khudozhinkov, U.S.S.R; Rabindra Bhavanand Shridharani Gallery, New Dehli; Academy of Fine Arts, Calcutta and a major solo exhibition at the Asian Art Museum, San Francisco in 2006.

The artist lives and works in New Delhi.

Select Solo Exhibitions
2007 Menongitis - Three Generations of Art, Dhoomimal Gallery, New Delhi
2006 Asian Art Museum, San Francisco, USA
Celebration, Aicon Gallery, Palo Alto
2005 Aicon Gallery, Palo Alto
2004 Aicon Gallery, New York
2003 Vadehra Art Gallery at Shridharani Gallery, New Delhi
2002 Four Decades, Vadehra Art Gallery at National Art of Modern Art (NGMA), Mumbai, Karnataka Chitrakala Parishad, Bangalore
2000 Gods and Others, Apparao Galleries at Admit One Gallery, New York
1996 Exhibition by Vadhera Art Gallery in Hong Kong and Gallery Madras, New York
1988 Retrospective 1958-88, organized by The Times of India, Jehangir Art Gallery, Mumbai
1976 Gallery Chemould, Mumbai
1963 Alliance Francaise, Mumbai
1959 Gallery 59, Mumbai

Select Group Exhibitions

2007 From the Vault, Aicon Gallery, London and New York
Sitaaray - A Galaxy of Artists, Indian Habitat Centre, New Delhi
2005 Drishti / Vision – Indian Contemporary Artists, Valentine Willie Fine Art, Kuala Lumpur in collaboration with Bodhi Art Gallery
2004 Confluence 2004, Aicon Gallery, New York
Jiva- Life, Contemporary Indian Painting, Bodhi Art Gallery, New York
2001 Kitsch Kitsch Hota Hai, Gallery Espace, India Habitat Centre, New Delhi
The Sacred Prism III, Apparao Gallery, London, New York, San Francisco
1993 Reflections and Images, Vadehra Art gallery at Jehangir Art Gallery, Mumbai
1986 Indian Women Artists, National Gallery of Modern Art, New Delhi
1980 Paris Biennale, Paris, France
1980 Exhibition in Washington D.C and New York
1968,71,75 1st, 2nd, 3rd International Triennale, Lalit Kala Akademi, Delhi

Awards
2000 Awarded the Padma Shree by the Government of India
1959-61 Received French Government Scholarship for Higher Studies in Paris

Collections
Asian Art Museum, San Francisco
National Gallery of Modern Art, New Delhi.
Lalit Kala Akademi, New Delhi
Aicon Gallery, New York
Vadehra Art Gallery, New Delhi
Apparao Gallery, Chennai


AKBAR PADAMSEE

Born 1928, Bombay Maharashtra

Diploma in Fine Arts, Sir J.J. School of Arts, Mumbai (1945-49)

Born in Bombay Maharashtra in1928, Padamsee left for Paris in 1951 and lived and worked there until his return in 1967. He was associated with the Progressive Artists Group. Padamsee’s work ranges from the figure to non-figuration and is an artist difficult to bracket. In fact for Padamsee, it not the bracketing which is of consequence, for his main pre-occupation is with the form, volume , space, time, & color. He is very conscious of every mark that he makes; the process of creation is one of contemplation and articulation of thoughts and ideas. His forms are on the surface both real and transcendent. They carry both an expression of effable sadness and a refined sense of grace. Although very meticulous in his method of working, the colors in Padamsee’s paintings pulsate with throbbing energy for he is truly a master colorists.

Born in Mumbai, Padamsee studied at the J.J. School of Art before going to Paris and eventually New York in 1965 on a Rockefeller Foundation Fellowship. He was invited as artist-in-residence at the Stout State University, Wisconsin and has held exhibitions as institutes such as the Museum of Contemporary Art in Montreal. Later, in 1969, he received the Jawaharlal Nehru Fellowship.

Through 1981, Padamsee participated in the International Triennales in India and the Biennales in San Paulo, Brazil, Tokyo and Venice. He founded the Vision Exchange Workshop for artists and filmmakers and has made several short films such as Syzgy in which he animated a short set of his geometric drawings. In 1991, Padamsee participated in the first computer art exhibition Mumbai, India.

The artist lives and works in Mumbai.

Select Solo Exhibitions
2010 Body Parts, The Loft, Mumbai
Pundole Art Gallery, Mumbai
2008 Sensitive Surfaces, Galerie Helene Lamarque, Paris
2006 Photographs, Guild Art Gallery, Mumbai
2005 Gallery Threshold and the French Embassy in India, Delhi
2004 Retrospective of Watercolors, Pundole Art Gallery, Mumbai
1997 Pundole Art Gallery, Mumbai
1994 Pundole Art Gallery, Mumbai
1993 Pundole Art Gallery, Mumbai
1992 Art Heritage, New Delhi
1986 Pundole Art Gallery, Mumbai
1980 Retrospective of works organized by Art Heritage Delhi and Mumbai
1975 Pundole Art Gallery, Mumbai
1974 Pundole Art Gallery, Mumbai
1972 Pundole Art Gallery, Mumbai
1967 Museum of Contemporary Art, Montreal
1960 Painting in Grey, Gallery ‘59, Mumbai
1957 Galerie Ventadour, France
1952 Galerie Saint Placide, Paris 1953,55 Venice Biennale, Italy

Select Group Exhibitions
2010 Masters of Maharashtra, New Delhi at Piramal Gallery, National Centre for the Performing Arts
(NCPA), Mumbai
2009 Bharat Ratna! Jewels of Modern Indian Art, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston
Indian Art After Independence: Selected Works from the Collections of Virginia & Ravi Akhoury and Shelley & Donald Rubin, Emile Lowe Gallery, Hempstead
Sacred and Secular, India Fine Art, Mumbai
Think Small, Art Alive Gallery, New Delhi
Progressive to Altermodern: 62 Years of Indian Modern Art, Grosvenor Gallery, London
2008 Faces, Tao Art Gallery, Mumbai
Freedom 2008 – Sixty Years of Indian Independence, Centre for International Modern Art(CIMA), Kolkata
2007-08 India Art Now: Between Continuity and Transformation, Province of Milan, Milan, Italy
Winter Show, Aicon Gallery, Palo Alto
2006 CIMA Gallery, Kolkata
2005 Threshold Art Gallery, New Delhi
Contemporary Indian Art, Nehru Center, London
2004 Pundole Art Gallery, Mumbai
Critical Boundaries, Pundole Art Gallery, Mumbai
2001-02 Saffronart and Pundole Art Gallery in New York
1993 Sakshi Gallery, Bangalore & Madras
1992 Sanskriti Art Gallery, Kolkata
1991 National Exposition of Contemporary Art, National Gallery of Modern Art, New Delhi
1987 Festival of India, Moscow, USSR

Awards and Fellowships
2004 Lalit Kala Ratna, Lalit Kala Akademi, New Delhi
1998 Bank of India Excellence Award
1997 98 Kalidas Samman
1969-70 Jawaharlal Nehru Fellowship
1967 Artist - in - Residence, Stout State University, Wisconsin
1965 D. Rockefeller III. Fund Fellowship, U.S.A

Collections
Ministry of Cultural and Scientific Affairs, New Delhi.
National Gallery of Modern Art, New Delhi.
Jehangir Nicholson Museum Mumbai.
Art Heritage, New Delhi. Deutsche Bank, Mumbai.
Glenbarra Art Museum Hemeji.
Pheroza and Jamshyd Godrej Collection.
Ajay Lakhanpal Collection, Mumbai.
Solang Padmsee Family Collection, Paris.
Pundole Art Gallery, Mumbai.
Ursula Volmer-Hoffmann Collection, Germany


SUDHIR PATWARDHAN

Born: 1945- Pune, Maharashtra

Sudhir Patwardhan's canvases are densely populated reflecting the hub of city life often with emphasis on the ordinary, working man. His human forms are imbued with a sense of innate dignity as they go about performing their chores in busy city streets or in suburban construction sites. Apparently realistic, the work at times brings in an imaginary, remembered space or it can be viewed from several vantage points making it multi faceted. More recently the receding and emerging figures provide a rhythmic unity to his group compositions echoing the ancient mural art of Ajanta and Ellora.

Patwardhan , a practicing radiologist at Thane, near Mumbai, held his first solo exhibition of paintings at Art Heritage, New Delhi, in 1979. Since then he has held 10 solo exhibitions in Mumbai, Thane, NewDelhi and Calcutta. He has participated in many group exhibitions throughout India and his work has been selected for major exhibitions of contemporary Indian art, sent abroad, to London, New York, Paris and Geneva, among other cities. His paintings are in many public and private collections including The National of Modern Art, New Delhi; Lalit Kala Academy, New Delhi; Punjab University Museum, Chandigarh; Bharat Bhavan, Bhopal; Gallery of Contemporary Art, Kochi; Glenbarra Art Museum, Japan; and the Herwitz Family Collection, USA.

The artist lives and works in Thane near Mumbai.

Selected Solo Exhibitions
2007-08 Citing The City, Traveling Exhibition at Sakshi Gallery, Jehangir Art Gallery,
Mumbai; Gallerie 88, Kolkata; Shridharani Gallery, New Delhi and Red Earth Gallery, Vadodara
2004 India Habitat Centre, New Delhi
ABC Gallery, Vadodara
Sakshi Gallery, Mumbai
2002 Sakshi Gallery, Mumbai
Jehangir Art Gallery, Mumbai
2001 Sakshi Gallery, Bengaluru
1999 Design Centre, Thane, Maharashtra
Jehangir Art Gallery, Mumbai
Vadehra Art Gallery, New Delhi
1995 Gallery Chemould, Kolkata
1994 Gallery Chemould, Mumbai
1994 Jehangir Art Gallery, Mumbai
1992 Jehangir Art Gallery, Mumbai
1990 Art Heritage, New Delhi
1989 Jehangir Art Gallery, Mumbai
1988 Pokharan, Thane, Maharashtra
1984 Jehangir Art Gallery, Mumbai
1979 Jehangir Art Gallery, Mumbai
1979 Art Heritage, New Delhi

Selected Group Exhibitions
2010 Freedom to March: Rediscovering Gandhi through Dandi, Lalit Kala Akademi, New Delhi
2010 Writing Visuals, The Harrington Street Arts Centre, Kolkata
2010 Black and White, Galerie Mirchandani + Steinruecke, Mumbai
2009 Indian Art After Independence: Selected Works from the Collections of Virginia & Ravi Akhoury and Shelley & Donald Rubin, Emile Lowe Gallery, Hempstead
2009 Tracing Time', Bodhi Art, Mumbai
2008 Santhal Family: Positions Around an Indian Sculpture, Museum of Contemporary Art Antwerp (MuKHA), Belgium
2008 Multiple Modernities: India, 1905-2005, Philadelphia Museum of Art, USA
2007 Horn Please: Narratives in Contemporary Indian Art, Kusntmuseum Bern, Switzerland
Faces of Indian Art, Art Alive Gallery at India Habitat Centre, New Delhi
Inaugural show, Sakshi Gallery, Mumbai
Art on the Wing, Sarjan Art Gallery, Vadodara
Celebration, Project 88, Mumbai
Art Fusion Show, Nehru Center, Mumbai
Gateway Bombay, Peabody Essex Museum, Salem, Mass, USA
Yuva Parivartan, Tao Art Gallery, Mumbai
2006-07 Indian Art - Inventing / Inverting Traditions, Grosvenor Vadehra, London
2006 Shadow Lines, Vadehra Art Gallery, New Delhi
Art for Conservation’, Mall Galleries, London
A work of Art, a work on paper, Cymroza Art Gallery, Mumbai
Modern Indian works on Paper, Jane Voorhees Zimmerli Art Museum, New Jersey
Art for Concern, Hacienda Art Gallery, Mumbai, Bangalore
El Filo del Deseo - Arte Reciente en India, Museo de Arte Contemporáneo de Monterrey MARCO, Mexico
2005 Joie de Vivre, Art Konsult, New Delhi
Bhupen among Friends, Gallery Chemould, Mumbai
Still-Life, Gallery Art Motif, New Delhi
Grey, Gandhara Art Gallery, Kolkata
New Paradigma II, Gallery Threshold, Kolkata
Bicentenary Celebrations Auction, Asiatic Society, Mumbai
Ardhanarishvara, Tao Gallery, Mumbai
2004 Edge of Desire: Recent Art in India, Art Gallery of Western Australia, Perth, Australia; Asia Society, New York
Selected works from the Jehangir Nicholson Collection, Mumbai
Paintings from the National Gallery of Modern Art (NGMA) Mumbai, Sultanate of Oman
The World of Serigraphs, Sarjan Art Gallery, Vadodara
2003 Diverge, Forty years of Gallery Chemould, National Gallery of Modern Art (NGMA), Mumbai
Exhibition organized by Parkinson’s Disease Foundation of India, Mumbai
Tiranga, Jindal Foundation for Performing and Creative Arts, Indian Habitat Center, New Delhi
Works on Paper, Gallery Threshold , India Habitat Center, New Delhi
Men Against Violence and Abuse, Artists’ Centre, Mumbai
Said & Unsaid, Apparao Galleries, Jehangir Art Gallery, Mumbai
2002 Post-Independence Indian Art from Sunanda and Umesh Gaur Collection, Paul Robeson Gallery, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, U.S.A
Icons and Symbols in Indian Art, Center of International Modern Art (CIMA), Kolkata
Indian Contemporary Art from Northeastern Private Collections, Jane Voorhees
Zimmerli Art Museum, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, U.S.A.
2001 The Human Factor, The Guild, Jehangir Art Gallery, Mumbai
Ideas and Images, National Gallery of Modern Art (NGMA), Mumbai
In Conversation, Gallery Espace, New Delhi
Figures in My Mind, Gallery Espace, New Delhi
Century City, Tate Modern, London
Human Figure, Gallery 42, New Delhi
Millennium Show, Nehru Centre, Mumbai
Chitram Art Gallery, Kochi
Extreme Gourmet, Indigo, Lakeeren, Mumbai
Their Story, VAHI Lalit Kala Akademi, New Delhi


JEHANGIR SABAVALA

Born 1922, in India.

The Academie Julian, Paris (1953-54)
The Academie Julian & Academie Andre Lhote, Paris (1953-54)
The Heatherly School of Art, London (1945-47)
The Academie de la Grande Chaumiere, Paris (1957)
Sir J.J. School of Art, Mumbai (1942-44)
Elphinstone College, University of Mumbai (1939-41)

The artist lives and works in Mumbai.

Select Solo Exhibitions
2008 Ricorso, Aicon Gallery, New York; Sakshi Gallery, Mumbai
2005-06 Jehangir Sabavala: A Retrospective, National Gallery of Modern Art, Mumbai and Delhi, organized by Sakshi Gallery
2002 Occasions of Light: Recent Paintings by Jehangir Sabavala, organized by Sakshi Gallery, Mumbai at Jehangir Art Gallery, Mumbai; Shridharani Gallery, Delhi; Aicon Gallery, New York
1998 Recent Paintings by Jehangir Sabavala, organized by Eminence Designs and Apparao Galleries, Chennai; Jehangir Art Gallery, Mumbai
1993 Pilgrim, Exile, Sorcerer-Recent Paintings-Jehangir Sabavala, organized by Gallery Arts Trust (Chennai) at Jehangir Art Gallery, Mumbai; All India Fine Arts and Crafts Society (AIFACS), Delhi
1988 Exhibition of Paintings by Jehangir Sabavala, organized by ITC, The Gallery, Chennai
Exhibition of Paintings by Jehangir Sabavala, Jehangir Art Gallery, Mumbai
1983 Jehangir Art Gallery, Mumbai
1980 Jehangir Art Gallery, Mumbai
1976 Jehangir Sabavala Paintings’ ‘73 to ‘75’, organized by Gallery Chemould at Jehangir Art Gallery, Mumbai; Black Partridge Art Gallery, New Delhi
1973 Jehangir Sabavala Recent Paintings, Gallery Chemould, Jehangir Art Gallery, Mumbai
1972-73 Kunika- Chemould Art Centre, Delhi and Gallery Chemould, Jehangir Art Gallery, Mumbai
1969 Gallery Chemould, Mumbai
Commonwealth Institute Art Gallery, London and Edinburgh, Scotland
1966 Recent Works of Jehangir Sabavala, organized by Gallery Chemould, Gallery Chemould, Mumbai and Kunika-Chemould Art Centre, New Delhi
1964 Taj Art Gallery, Mumbai
1958 Jehangir Art Gallery, Mumbai
1955 Exhibition of Paintings-Jehangir Sabavala, Jehangir Art Gallery, Mumbai
1951 Jehangir Sabavala - Exhibition of Paintings and Drawings, Taj Mahal Hotel, Mumbai

Select Group Exhibitions
2010 The Modernists, RL Fine Arts, New York
2009 Master Class, The Arts Trust, Mumbai
2009 Bharat Ratna! Jewels of Modern Indian Art, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston
2005 Trends and Techniques, Water Color in India, Galerie 88, Kolkata
2004 The Jehangir Nicholsan Collection, Mumbai
2003 Rain, Galerie International and Sakshi Art Gallery, Mumbai
2001/03/04 Ideas and Images-III, V, VI, National Gallery of Modern Art, Mumbai
2001 Palette 2001, Palette Art Gallery, New Delhi
RPG Collection, National Gallery of Modern Art, Mumbai
2000 Engendering Images of India, Guild Art Gallery, Mumbai
Early Works, Fine Art Company, Mumbai
Erotica, Fine Art Company, Mumbai
The Millennium Show, Nehru Centre, Mumbai
Celebration of the Human Image, Gallery 42, India Habitat Centre, New Delhi
Distillations, Birla Academy of Art and Culture, Mumbai
A Sorrowful Mystery, The Arts Trust, National Gallery of Modern Art, Mumbai
1999 The World is Round and Time is Cyclical, Art Today, Delhi
Flashback – Flash forward, presented by RPG, Jehangir Art Gallery, Mumbai
The Indian Fine Arts Society, Singapore
1998 A Collector's Eye, The Jehangir Nicholson Collection, National Gallery of Modern Art, Mumbai
Indian Contemporary Art, presented by RPG and Bayer, Leverkusen and Monheim, Germany
Ruminations, Apparao Galleries, Mumbai
Spirit and Soul, Indian Painting Today, The Rotunda, Hong Kong
1997 The Search, Apparao Galleries, Chennai, New York
Rare and Important Paintings, The Classic Source and Sakshi Gallery, Mumbai
The Looking Glass Self, Gallery Lakeeran, Mumbai
Colours of Independence, presented by CIMA, Kolkata and the National Gallery of Modern Art, New Delhi
50 Years of Freedom of Expression, presented by RPG, Jehangir Art Gallery, Mumbai
Image beyond Image, the Masanori Fukuoka Collection, National Gallery of Modern Art, Mumbai
50 Years of Art in Mumbai: 1947-97, National Gallery of Modern Art, Mumbai
1996 Chamatkara: Myth & Magic in Indian Art, Whiteleys Art Gallery, London
1996 Urban Signals Shifting Images, Birla Academy of Art and Culture, Mumbai, Kolkata
1995 Indian Contemporary Art, Galeri Petronas, Kuala Lumpur
Art for CRY, Jehangir Art Gallery, Mumbai; Rabindra Bhavan Art Gallery, New Delhi
1994-95 People for Animals Art Show, Jehangir Art Gallery, Mumbai; Taj Palace Hotel, New Delhi
1994 Review 1930-1993, National Gallery of Modern Art, New Delhi
1992 Silver Jubilee, Birla Academy of Art and Culture, Kolkata Masters of India Art Show, Art's Trust, Mumbai
Pioneers to the New Generation, Arts Acre, Kolkata
1990 Art Mosaic, Kolkata, Mumbai, Delhi
1988 Art for CRY, Mumbai, Kolkata, New Delhi and Bangalore
1982 Modern Indian Paintings, Smithsonian Institution, Washington DC
1981 Indian Painting Today, Jehangir Art Gallery, Mumbai
1979-81 Kala Yatra's Contemporary Indian Painting & Sculpture, Kuala Lumpur, Kochi, Kolkata
1979 Asian Artists Exhibition, Fukuoka Art Museum, Tokyo
1975 Gallery Nasrudin, Boston

Honours and Awards
2005 Felicitation by the Society of Contemporary Artists, Kolkata
2004 Lalit Kala Ratna Award presented by the President of India
2003 The Maharashtra Rajya kala Pradarshan Kalakar Vibhag: Satkar
2002 The Dadabhai Naoroji Millennium Award, Mumbai
2001 All India Fine Arts and Crafts Society ‘Kala Ratna’, Delhi
2000 National Gallery of Modern Art, Mumbai
1993 Art Society of India, Citation
1977 Padma Shri, by President of India
1949 Grand Prix de la Peinture, Monaco


SADEQUAIN

Born 1930, Amroha, India
Died 1987

B.A. in Art History, Agra University (1948)

Sadequain Naqqash was one of the first Pakistani artists to gain international recognition, embarking on his notable career with an award from the Biennale de Paris in 1961. The artist was born in Amroha, India, descending from a family of Qu'ran scribes and is recognised as the foremost calligrapher and painter of Pakistan, responsible for the renaissance of Islamic calligraphy in the country since the late 1960s and bringing the artform into the mainstream. In the late 1940s, Sadequain joined the Progressive Writers and Artists Movement and through his career, produced works of thematic content reflected by his commitment to social justice, and the progressive ideals of his peers of writers and poets. On the eve of Partition, Sadequain painted anti-British, nationalistic slogans in Dehli and such politically-charged works gained the artist a wider, responsive audience both abroad and in Pakistan among the 1960s intelligentsia.

Sadequain's unique visual vocabulary stemmed from the complex merging of Eastern (calligraphy) and Western (figurative) traditions in art, alongside Hindu and Muslim ideology. Sweeps of a calligraphic brush are echoed in the artist's flamboyant approach to painting figures but his forms and themes are also partly biographical. Contortions to figurative style arose from his observation of wild, defiant cacti growing against the odds in the deserts of Gadani (Karachi) which left an indelible impression on the artist and his work. Colours used are simplistic, untempered by nuance or subtlety, but are given strong structures through Sadequain's contrast of etched strokes.

In terms of Sadequain's work in calligraphy, outside of Quranic verses, the artist's affinity to literature resulted in works illustrating the classical poetry of Iqbal, Ghalib and Faiz. With the support of state patronage, Sadequain completed many celebrated commissions, notably the ceiling of Lahore Museum and the ambitious mural "The Treasures of Time" for the State Bank of Pakistan, depicting the evolution of mankind and tracing the history of great intellectuals. Other commissions include The Power House at the Mangla Dam, Geological Institute of India, Banaras Hindu University and Aligarh Muslim University. In 2003, a retrospective entitled "The Holy Sinner: Sadequain" was exhibited at the Mohatta Palace Museum, Karachi.

Sadequain died on February 10, 1987 in Karachi at the age of 57.

Select Solo Exhibitions
1981 International Trade Fair, New Delhi
Indian Council for Cultural Relations at State Lalit Kala Academy, Rabindra Bhawan, Delhi
1970 Arts Council of Pakistan Karachi
Liaquat Memorial Hall, Rawalpindi
1966 Retrospective Exhibition of 300 paintings at the Banking Hall of the State Bank Headquarters, Karachi
1962 Galerie Lambert, Paris
1954-60 Held numerous one-man exhibitions at Quetta Residency, and in Karachi at Prime Minister H. S. Suhrawardy’s residence, Frare Hall, executed murals in Jinnah Central Hospital, Karachi Airport, Services Club, and Mangla Dam Committee Room

Select Group Exhibitions
1982 Kennedy Hall, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh
Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi
Urdu Ghar, Hyderabad
Lalit Kala Academy, Lucknow, India
Ghalib Academy, New Delhi
1969 Arts Council Building, Karachi
1965 Several exhibitions in France including Nouran Havre, Palais de la Mediterranean, Chateau-Musee Annecy, Musee Casino Dieppe, Casino de Charbonnieres, and Musee Macon
Arts Council Gallery, Karachi; Alhamra, Lahore
1964 Galerie Presboug, Paris
1963 Commonwealth Institute Galleries, London
N.V.C. Gallery, London
5th Salon of the "Young and Great Artists," Museum of Modern Art, Paris

Awards
1982 International Gold Mercury Award
1962 Awarded president’s medal for Pride of Performance
1960 Awarded Tamgha-e-Imtiaz and First Prize in the All Pakistan National Exhibition of Paintings
Awarded Laureate Biennale de Paris by the International Jury of Critics


SRILEKHA SIKANDER

Born 1950, Kohlapur, India

Faculty of Fine Arts, Maharaja Sayajirao University, Baroda.

Srilekha Sikander’s work is very realistic, carefully capturing the nuances of a scene in whatever medium she is using. Her images are mostly those of everyday urban settings showing people going about their lives — often fascinating and sensitively capturing some moments of the lives of the urban poor. Her black and white pencil sketches are so realistic that they could be mistaken for photographs. Her recent watercolors have experimented with drawing colored glass windows showing reflections of the life around her in monochromatic tones.

She has held several solo shows in Mumbai and participated in several group shows including an exhibition of drawings, curated by Geeta Kapur in New Delhi, a group show organized by C.M.C. Limited in New Delhi and been part of a show called “Cinemascape” and “The Tale of Six Cities” at Lakeeren Art Gallery in 1999. She also participated in the I.P.C.L. camp (1985-92).


FRANCIS NEWTON SOUZA

Born 1924, Saligaon, Goa, India.
Died 2002, Bombay, India.

Diploma in Painting, Sir J.J. School of Art, Mumbai (1940-45)
Italian Government Scholarship, study tour of Italy (1960)

Francis Newton Souza was born in India in 1924 and is of Goan Christian origin. As one of the co-founders of the Progressive Artists' Group in 1947, along with M.F. Husain, Raza, Ara and others, Souza led the edge of the Indian modernist art movement. He is widely recognised as a leading modernist and was the only Indian artist to be included in Tate Modern’s group exhibition on 20th Century Modernism in 2002.

An iconoclast known for his powerful imagery, F. N. Souza unrestrained and graphic style created much controversy in his life and work. His repertoire of subjects covers still life, landscape, nudes and icons of Christianity, rendered boldly in a frenzied distortion of form. Souza's paintings express defiance and impatience with convention and the banality of everyday life.

Souza’s works have reflected the influence of various schools of art: the folk art of his native Goa, the full-blooded paintings of the Renaissance, the religious fervor of the Catholic Church, the landscapes of 18th and 19th century Europe and the path-breaking work of the cubists. A recurrent theme in his work is the sexual tensions and friction within the male and female relationship and their ensuing conflicts. In drawings, Souza uses line with economy but captures fine detail in his forms; or uses a profusion of crosshatched strokes that make up the overall structure of his subject.

In 1942, Souza was expelled from the J.J. School of Art for partaking in the ‘Quit India’ movement. He left for London in 1949, making his mark on the European art scene and rose to fame with his 1955 one-man show at Gallery One, London – the same year his autobiographical essay ‘Nirvana of a Maggot’ was published. Souza exhibited internationally during his lifetime, solo and group shows include the Institute of Contemporary Arts, London (1954); Venice Biennale (1954); Guggenheim Museum, USA (1958); Whitechapel Art Gallery, London (1958); Tate Gallery (1968); Museum of Modern Art, Sao Paulo/Rio de Janeiro (1961); Guggenheim Foundation, USA (1967); Museum of Modern Art, Oxford, UK (1982); Royal Academy of Art, London (1982); Hirschhorn Museum, Washington D.C (1982); Retrospectives include India House, London (1951, organised by Mr. V.K. Krishna Menon, then High Commissioner), and two organised by Art Heritage Gallery, Delhi (1986, 1996).

Select Solo and Group Exhibitions – Posthumous
2010 The Modernists, RL Fine Arts, New York
Paper Trails, Vadehra Art Gallery, New Delhi
A Missing History: 'The Other Story' Re-visited, Aicon Gallery, London
The Progressives & Associates, Grosvenor Gallery, London
A. SYCO, The Viewing Room, Mumbai
From Miniature to Modern: Traditions in Transition, Rob Dean Art, London
Volte-Face: Souza's Iconoclastic Vision, presented by Dhoomimal Gallery at Lalit Kala Akademi, New Delhi
Cross Purposes, Mascalls Gallery, West Kent; Ben Uri Museum, London
Vahana, Bombay Art Gallery, Mumbai
Manifestations IV, Delhi Art Gallery, New Delhi
Roots, 25th Anniversary Exhibition of Sakshi Art Gallery, Mumbai at The Park, Chennai
Celebration 2010, Annual Exhibition, Kumar Art Gallery, New Delhi
2009 Master Class, The Arts Trust, Mumbai
Anglo-Indian Express, Grosvenor Gallery, London
Bharat Ratna! Jewels of Modern Indian Art, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston
Indian Art After Independence: Selected Works from the Collections of Virginia & Ravi Akhoury and Shelley & Donald Rubin, Emily Lowe Gallery, Hempstead
F.N.Souza: Heads, Landscapes and Nudes, Grosvenor Gallery, London
In Search of the Vernacular, Aicon Gallery, New York
Progressive to Altermodern: 62 Years of Indian Modern Art, Grosvenor Gallery, London
Kalpana: Figurative Art in India, presented by The Indian Council for Cultural
Relations (ICCR) at Aicon Gallery, London
Tracing Time, Bodhi Art, Mumbai
Armory Show, New York presented by Vadehra Art Gallery, New Delhi
Modern India, organized by Institut Valencià d'Art Modern (IVAM) and Casa Asia,
Ministry of Culture at Valencia, Spain
Expanding Horizons: Contemporary Indian Art, Traveling Exhibition presented by
2008 Frame Figure Field: 20th Century Modern and Contemporary Indian Art, Delhi Art
Gallery, New Delhi
3 Masters Briefly, Akar Prakar, Kolkata
F.N.Souza, presented by Saffronart and Grosvenor Gallery, London at Saffronart, New York
Modern and Contemporary Indian Art, Vadehra Art Gallery, New Delhi
Multiple Modernities: India, 1905-2005, Philadelphia Museum of Art, USA
Freedom 2008: Sixty Years After Indian Independence, Centre for International
Modern Art (CIMA), Kolkata
Tales, Reflection and Constructs, ITC Windsor, Bangalore
Summer collection, works by modern and contemporary south Asian artists, Aicon Gallery, London
Winter Moderns, M.F. Husain, F.N., Souza, Shyamal Dutta Ray, Satish Gujral and
Prabha, Aicon Gallery, New York
The Ghost of Souza, Aicon Gallery, New York
2007 From the Vault, Aicon Gallery, London and New York
Bacon, Freud, Mehta, Souza, Grosvenor Vadehra, New Delhi
2005-6 F. N. Souza, Religion & Erotica, Tate Britain, London
Self-Portrait, Renaissance to contemporary, National Portrait Gallery, London
2005 Francis Newton Souza, Saffronart and Grosvenor Gallery, London/New York
Ashta Nayak: Eight Pioneers of Indian Art, Gallery ArtsIndia, New York
Modern Indian Paintings, Grosvenor Gallery, London
A Tribute to F. N. SOUZA, Kumar Gallery, New Delhi /Manifestations III, Nehru Centre, Mumbai; Rabindra Bhavan, New Delhi, and Delhi Art Gallery, New Delhi
2004 Manifestations II, Jehangir Gallery and the Delhi Art Gallery
Ethos: Contemporary Indian Art, Indigo Blue Art, Singapore
Souza in London, curated by Yashodhara Dalmia from the Bhayana family collection,
British Council, New Delhi
2003 Modern Indian Painting’, Grosvenor Gallery London
Francis Newton Souza: Works on paper, Saffronart, Mumbai
F.N Souza: A Definitive Retrospective, Gallery Artsindia, New York
Manifestations, Delhi Art Gallery
2002 Souza and Friends, Grosvenor Gallery, London,.
Souza in Bombay and Goa, Art Musings Gallery, Mumbai
2001Souza: A Modern Myth, Gallery 88, Calcutta

Select Solo Exhibitions
2001 Francis Newton Souza Rare Works: 1965-2001, Galerie 88, Kolkata
1999 Copeland Fine Art Gallery, Columbus, Ohio, USA
1998 Bose Pacia Modern, New York
1997 Souza: A Retrospective, Julian Hartnolls Gallery, London
1996 Art Heritage, NEw Delhi
Souza from the Alkazi Collection, Academy of Fine Arts and Literature New Delhi
The Acrylics of Souza, L.T.G. Art Gallery, New Delhi
1995 The Chemicals of Souza, L. T.G. Art Gallery, New Delhi
1993 Souza, 1940s-1990s, Dhoomimal Art Gallery, New Delhi
1983 Souza in the Forties, Dhoomimal Art Gallery, New Delhi
1985 Pundole Art Gallery, Mumbai
1976 Dhoomimal Art Gallery,New Delhi
1975 76 Arts 38, London.
1968 London Arts Gallery Detroit, USA.
1966 Dhoomimal Art Gallery, New Delhi
1966 Grosvenor Gallery, London
1963 Taj Gallery Mumbai.
1962 Kumar Gallery, New Delhi.
1961 Gallery One, London
62 North Audley Street London.
1960 Gallery One, London
1959 Gallery One, London
1957 Gallery One, London
1955 Gallery One, London.
1954 Institute of Contemporary Arts, London
Gallery Creuze,London
1951 Indian Embassy, London

Select Group Exhibitions
2001 Souza & Baiju, Saffronart and Apparao Galleries, Mumbai
1996 National Gallery of Modern Art, Mumbai
1987 Coups de Coeur, Halles de L’Ile, Geneva
1986 Dhoomimal Art Gallery, New Delhi
1985 East-West Visual Arts Encounter, Bombay
1982 Modern Indian Paintings, Hirschorn Museum & Sculpture Garden Washington D.C.
India: Myth and Reality, Museum of Modern Art, Oxford, UK
Contemporary Indian Art, Royal Academy, London
1977 Commonwealth Artists of Fame, London
1972 Minneapolis International Art Festival, USA
1968 Tate Gallery, London
1967 Guggenheim Foundation USA
1965 Art Now in India, Arts Council of Great Britain, London
1964 Grosvenor Gallery, 1964
1962 Commonwealth Institute, London
1961 Museum of Modern Art, Sao Paulo/Rio de Janeiro
1958 Guggenheim Museum, USA
Whitechapel Art Gallery, London
1957 John Moore's Exhibition, Walker Art Gallery Liverpool
1956,57,59,60 Gallery One, London
1954 Venice Biennale Italy
Institute of Contemporary Arts, London
1949 Bombay Art Society Salon, Mumbai
1948 Progressive Artists’ Group, inaugural exhibition

Awards

1960 Italian Government Scholarship (through the British Council)
1967 Guggenheim International Award, New York
1957 John Moores Prize, Liverpool

Public Collections
National Gallery of Modern Art, New Delhi
Baroda Museum, Baroda
National Gallery of Modern Art, Mumbai
CIMA – Centre International Modern Art, Calcutta
Delhi Art Gallery, New Delhi
Tate, London, UK
Glenbarra Museum, Himeji, Japan


JAGDISH SWAMINATHAN

Born 1928 Simla, India
Died 1994

Delhi Polytechnic, New Delhi (1956)
Academy of Fine Arts, Warsaw (1958)

Born in Simla in 1928, Jagdish Swaminathan began his career as a journalist and art critic for Left magazines and was an active member of the Communist Party of India. He did not devote himself to art until the late 1950’s. In 1962, Swaminathan, together with other artists, founded “Group 1890”. The group exhibited together only once in, 1963 in New Delhi. Throughout his career, Swaminathan participated in 31 solo shows and numerous group exhibitions both in India and internationally. In 1968, he was awarded the Nehru Fellowship for his project, "The Significance of the Traditional Numen in Contemporary Art". Swaminathan served as a member of the International Jury at the Sao Paolo Biennale and as a trustee for India Ghandi National Centre for the Arts. He founded the Roopankar Museum at Bharat Bhavan, in Bopal in 1981 and served as the museum director until 1990.

Swaminathan’s paintings are characterized by simplicity, vivid imagery, and bright colors. He used this simple imagery to represent the elevation of man’s inner nature over commonplace or grotesque influences. In his late work, Swaminathan’s work shifted from geometric to symbolic, demonstrating his interest in tribal arts.

Selected Posthumous Exhibitions
2010 From Miniature to Modern: Traditions in Transition, Rob Dean Art, London in association with Pundole Art Gallery, Mumbai
Modern Folk: The Folk Art Roots of the Modernist Avant-Garde, Aicon Gallery, New York
Manifestations IV, Delhi Art Gallery, New Delhi
2009 Bharat Ratna! Jewels of Modern Indian Art, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston
In Search of the Vernacular, Aicon Gallery, New York
Paz Mandala, Lalit Kala Akademi, New Delhi
2008 Moderns, Royal Cultural Centre, Amman, Jordan organized by Lalit Kala Akademi, New Delhi in collaboration with Embassy of India, Amman, Jordan
3 Masters Briefly, Akar Prakar, Kolkata

Selected Solo Exhibitions
1996 House/Boat, Winnipeg Art Gallery, Winnipeg, and Vancouver Art Gallery, Vancouver
1995-96 Budapest, Hungarian Information and Cultural Centre, New Delhi and Gallery Chemould, Mumbai
1994-95 Riverscape, Birla Academy of Art and Culture and Sakshi Gallery, Mumbai
1994 House/Boat, Oboro, Montreal
Works with Paper, Contemporary Art Gallery, Ahmedabad
Map, Monument, Fallen Mortal, South London Gallery, London
1993 Memorial, All India Fine Arts and Crafts Society, New Delhi
1992 Collaboration/Combines, Shridharni Gallery, New Delhi, Jehangir Art Gallery, Gallery Chemould, Mumbai
1990 Shridhrani, Gallery Chemould, Mumbai
1988 Dhoomimal Art Gallery, New Delhi
1982 Contemporary Art Gallery, Ahmedabad
1982 Sculpture in Fiberglass, Jehangir Art Gallery, Mumbai
1981 Sculpture in Fiberglass, Art Heritage, New Delhi
1965 Gallery Chemould, Mumbai

Selected Group Exhibitions
1988 Seventeen Indian Painters, on occasion of 25 years of Gallery Chemould, Jehangir Art Gallery, Mumbai
1963 Inaugural Exhibition, Group 1980, New Delhi

Awards & Honors
1981-90 Founder/Director, Roopankar Museum, Bharat Bhavan, Bhopal
1968-70 Awarded Jawaharlal Nehru Scholarship
1963 Founded Member, Group 1890, a Group of 12 Artists, Bhavnagar, Gujarat


VIREN TANWAR

Born 1952 in Hissar (Haryana), India

Government College of Art, Chandigarh (1974)
Slade School of Arts, London (1985)

The Artist lives and works in Chandigarh.

Born 1952 in Hissar (Haryana), Viren did his Diploma in Drawing and Painting from Government College of Art, Chandigarh in 1974. He received a British Council Scholarship to study at the Slade School of Arts, London during 1984-85. He was a General Council Member of the Lalit Kala Akademi, during 1984-89, member of the Programme Committee for N.Z.C.C., Patiala during 1987-89 and Secretary of Chandigarh Lalit Kala Akademi in 1997-2000. Since 2003 he has been appointed Secretary of Punjab Lalit Kala Akademi. His solo shows include Alliance Francaise, Chandigarh in 1998; Mumbai in 1984 and Fine Arts Museum Chandigarh in 1998. He has also participated in a number of National and International shows including Germany in 2001; Sotheby’s exhibition/auction of contemporary Indian paintings in 1995-96; the Museum of Contemporary Art at Mexico in 1995; Eighth International Triennale at Berlin in 1987 and National Exhibition of Arts at New Delhi in 1979-2000. He has received several awards including the Kala Shree and Dr.M.S.Randhawa Memorial Award by AIFACS, New Delhi in 1997 and 1985 respectively. He has also been honored by the Punjab Lalit Kala Academy.

Viren Tanwar’s work exposes the existential imbalance of today’s living while reminding the viewer of the spiritual potential of humanity. As the artist states, “I am seeking contact with the common man in a common place in a casual and undramatic manner. The tragedy I see unfolding before me is that man himself is causing pain and suffering to his fellow beings. I shall continue the process of enriching our society through my artistic expression, that life with all its beauties and bounties will prevail.” Viren continues to be rooted in his artistic determination of cleansing the society of its “Maili Chaadar” through his paintings, drawings, sculptures and installations.


Selected Solo Exhibitions
2006 3, Good Wood Hill, Singapore
2005 Appa Rao Galleries, Chennai
1998 Alliance Francaise Le Corbusier da Chandigarth, France
1992 Fine Arts Museum, Panjab University, Chandigarth
1984 Gallery Chemould, Mumbai
1974 Ashoka Art Gallery, New Delhi

Selected Group Exhibitions
2010 Figure and Landscape, Aicon Gallery, New York
2008 Engendered; A South Asian Multidisciplinary Art Festival, Lincoln Center, New York
2007 Fact and Fiction, Art Pilgrim Gallery, London
2006 Partitions, Contemporary Miniature Paintings from Pakistan and India, Washington D.C.
2005 Contemporary Miniatures, Art Alive Gallery, New Delhi
The Sacred Feminine, Vadhera Fine Arts/Appa Rao Gallery, New Delhi
2004 Androgyne, Appa Rao Galleries, New Delhi & Mumbai
2003 Solitude, Appa Rao Galleries, New Delhi & Mumbai
2001 Contemporary Indian Painting, Kleinsassen, Flua, Germany
2000 Visualizing Intangible Forms of Life, Alliance Francaise Le Corbusier da Chandigarth, France
1995 Contemporary Indian Paintings; The Herwitz Collection, Sotheby’s, New York
1995 International Contemporary Arts Exhibition, Museum of Contemporary Art, Tlazcala, Mexico
1987 Inter Graphics 89, International Triennale, Berlin
1980 Drawing 80, Govt. Museum and Art Gallery, Chandigarth, India



T. VAIKUNTAM

Born 1942 in Boorugupali, Andhra Pradesh

Diploma in Painting - College of Fine Arts and Architecture, Hyderabad, 1970
Diploma in Painting and Printmaking - Faculty of Fine Arts Maharaja Sayajirao University, Baroda, 1972

T. Vaikuntam hails from Andhra Pradesh, in South India, and draws a lot of inspiration for his work from the rural areas of the state. The men and women of his village have often been depicted in his work. Women, in particular, are frequent subjects for his works. The love for this subject can be traced back to his childhood, when he used to be fascinated by the impersonations of women characters by the male artists of the theatre groups that traveled to, and performed in his village.

He portrays women as sensual and voluptuous. The colors used to paint women give them a vibrant and decorative look. The male form appears remarkably calm, with a sense of humor. His work has a distinct rural flavor. In his work, he uses only primary colors. Most of his work is in tempera and watercolor on paper. His recent substitution of paper with wood lends his work an ephemeral quality.

Vaikuntam studied at the College of Fine Arts, Hyderabad and at the M. S. University in Baroda where he worked under the guidance of artist K.G. Subramanyan. In a career that has spanned nearly 30 years, he has won several awards. His paintings are a part of several renowned collections and his works have been exhibited widely. Over the past five years, exhibitions of his works have been held in New York, London and Birmingham.

The artist lives and works in Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh.

Solo Exhibitions
2007 Yes, I am He, organized by India Fine Art, India Fine Art, Jehangir Art Gallery, Mumbai
Telangana: Inheritance of a Dream Lost, Art Alive, New Delhi
2006 Mukham, Sanskriti Art Gallery, Kolkata
2005 Telangana Men and Women, Arts India, California
Naupu Telupu, India Fine Art, Mumbai
Retrospective Show, Art Alive Gallery, New Delhi, London
2004 Kuhu Art Gallery, London
2003 Larger Than Life – Vaikuntam’s Women, Arts India, New York and The Guild, Mumbai
Portraits, Guild Art Gallery, Mumbai
2001 Memories of Telangana, Sama, New Delhi
2000 Mother, Guild Art Gallery, Mumbai
1999 Gallery 678, New York
1998 My Telangana Images, Mumbai
Vision and Response, Renaissance, Bangalore
1996 Surya Gallery, Hyderabad
The Guild Art Gallery, Mumbai
1994-95 Crimson Gallery, Bangalore
1992 Gallery Kufa, London
1991 Gallery Espace, New Delhi
1990 Cymroza Art Gallery, Mumbai
1988-89 Max Mueller Bhavan, Hyderabad and Grindlays Bank Gallery, Chennai
1985 Show of Drawings, Kala Bhavan, Hyderabad
1982-83 Hyderabad Art Society, Hyderabad

Select Group Exhibitions
2010 Black is Beautiful, India Fine Art, Mumbai
2009 Entity, in association with Asian Academy of Film & Television at M.E.C. Art Gallery, New Delhi
The Root of Everything, Gallery Mementos, Bangalore
2008 Stellar Configuration, presented by Vinnyasa Premier Art Gallery, Chennai at Jehangir Art Gallery, Mumbai
Post Independence Masters, Aicon Gallery, New York
Freedom 2008: Sixty Years After Indian Independence, Centre for International Modern Art (CIMA), Calcutta
Pravah, Art Pilgrim, New Delhi
2007 Serigraphs, Presented by Archer Graphic Studio at Tao Art Gallery, Mumbai
Rising Of The Phoneix: A Tribute To Livelihood, Hasta Gallery, Hyderabad
Self and the Selfless, Hasta Gallery, Hyderabad
The Workshop, India Fine Art, Mumbai
2006 Drawing Show an Act of Art II, Priyasri Art Gallery, Mumbai
6 Artists Show, 1 x 1 Gallery, Dubai
2005 Evoking Rasa in Luminous Visions - Indian Art, Worcester Art Museum, Worcester, MA
Divine Inspiration, India Fine Art, Mumbai
2004 Confluence, Arts India, California
2003 Faces, Art Alive, New Delhi
Hyderabad with Love, India Fine Art, Hyderabad, Mumbai
2002 Tradition and Change, Arts India, New York
2001 A Panorama of Indian Contemporary Art, Art Circle, The Guild
2000 Ignition, Crimson Art Gallery, Mumbai
Mask, Dhoomimal Art Gallery, New Delhi
1999 Sans Tache, Mumbai
1997 Gallery Ganesha, New Delhi
1996 Chamatkara – Myth and Magic in Indian Art, Whitley’s Art Gallery, London
1995 Art for CRY, Mumbai
Gallerie 88, Calcutta
Autumn Exhibition, All India Fine Art and Crafts Society (AIFACS), New Delhi
Surya Gallery, Hyderabad
Woman, organized by The Gallery, Singapore, Hong Kong
1994-95 Contemporary Miniatures, Centre of International Modern Art (CIMA) Gallery, Calcutta
1994 Art in Miniature Form, Renaissance, Bangalore
India Encounter II, Lee Arthur Studio, New York
1993 Wide Angle, Sarla Art Centre, Bangalore
1992 Sansriti Art Gallery, Calcutta
1991 Images of Rural India, Max Mueller Bhavan, Hyderabad
1991 The Collectors Choice, Society for Promotion of Art, Hyderabad
1990 Five Artists, L. V. Prasad Eye Institute and CCMB Science Institute, Hyderabad
1988-89 Salar Jung Museum, Hyderabad
1989 Max Mueller Bhavan, Hyderabad

Honors and Awards
1993 National Award For Painting
1988-89 Biennale Award, Bharat Bhavan, Bhopal
1988-89 National Award for Art Direction of Film ‘Daasi’
1985 Award from Hyderabad Art Society, Andhra Pradesh Lalit Kala Academy
1982-83 Award from Hyderabad Art Society, Andhra Pradesh Lalit Kala Academy
1979 Mahakoshal Kala Samithi, Madhya Pradesh
Award from Academy of Fine Arts, Kolkata
Award from Chitra Kala Parishad, Bangalore
1975-77 Second Award from Hyderabad Art Society, Andhra Pradesh Lalit Kala Academy