SOMNATH HORE

Born 1921, Chittagong, Bangladesh.

Somnath Hore was born in a village called Barama in Chittagong, present day Bangladesh, in 1921. While he was still very young, he started making posters for the Communist party. It was with the help of the leader of this party that he was admitted into the Government College of Art & Craft.

Between the years 1954 to 1967, Hore handled a number of jobs in various capacities. From 1954 to 1958 he was a lecturer at the Indian College of Art and Draftsmanship in Kolkata. Thereafter, until 1967, he held posts such as the "in-charge of the Graphic section" at the Delhi College of Art, visiting faculty at the MS University in Baroda and the head of the Graphic Art department of Kala Bhavan, Visva Bharati. In 1960, he became a member of the Society of Contemporary Artists.

From 1974, Hore began to produce his bronze sculptures. "Mother with Child", a large sculpture that paid homage to the people's struggle in Vietnam, was stolen from the Kala Bhavan soon after it was completed and still has yet to be found.

The anguished human form has widely been reflected in Hore's figuration. The visual appeal of his work is increased by rough surfaces, slits, holes and exposed channels.

Died 2006, Santiniketan, West Bengal.

Education

1957 Diploma in Fine Arts, Govt. College of Art and Craft, Kolkata, India

Selected Posthumous Exhibitions

2012 Crossings: Time Unfolded, Part 2, Kiran Nadar Museum of Art (KNMA), New Delhi
2011 Manifestations VI, Delhi Art Gallery, New Delhi
Bodies That Matter......, Art Heritage, New Delhi
Somnath Hore: Prints, Drawings, Posters, The Seagull Arts and Media Resource Centre, Kolkata
2010 A Retrospective of Prints by Somnath Hore, Project 88, Mumbai
Vahana, Bombay Art Gallery, Mumbai
2009 Modern Continuous, Galerie 88, Kolkata
Wound, Aicon Gallery, London
2008 Moderns, Royal Cultural Centre, Amman, Jordan organized by Lalit Kala Akademi, New Delhi in collaboration with Embassy of India, Amman, Jordan
The Seagull Arts and Media Resource Centre, Kolkata
Freedom 2008 – Sixty Years of Indian Independence, Centre for International Modern Art (CIMA), Kolkata
2007 Agony & Ecstasy: Bronzes by Somnath Hore, Gallery Espace, New Delhi
Life and Art of Somnath Hore, Project 88, Mumbai

Selected Solo Exhibitions

1999 Anguish Absorbed, The Window, Mumbai
1995 Bronzes, Centre for International Modern Art (CIMA) Gallery, Kolkata
1992 Wounds, Somnath Hore’s Bronzes, Drawings and Prints, organized by Seagull, Kolkata at Sukh Sagar, Kolkata
1991 Kolkata
1988 Sculptures and Sketches, organized by Kala Yatra at Sistas Art Gallery, Bangalore
1973 Kunika-Chemould Gallery, New Delhi

Selected Group Exhibitions

2004 Manifestations II, organized by Delhi Art Gallery at Jehangir Art Gallery, Mumbai and Delhi Art Gallery, New Delhi
2003 Manifestations, organized by Delhi Art Gallery at World Trade Centre, Mumbai and Delhi Art Gallery, New Delhi.
1996 Contemporary Indian Paintings from the Chester and Davida Hertwitz Collection Part II, USA.
1993 Wounds, Centre for International Modern Art (CIMA) Gallery, Kolkata and National Gallery of Modern Art (NGMA), New Delhi
1991 National Exposition of Contemporary Art, National Gallery of Modern Art (NGMA), New Delhi.
1986 Visions, Birla Academy of Art and Culture, Kolkata

Collection

Lalit Kala Akademi, New Delhi
National Gallery of Modern Art, New Delhi
Ministry of Education, Govt. of India
Bahai Museum, Bahai
Delhi Art Gallery, New Delhi
Various Private Collections in India and abroad

Honors & Awards

2007 Padma Bhushana by Government of India
1979 Member, Society of Contemporary Artists, Kolkata
Elected Member of the General Council, Lalit Kala Akademi, as an eminent artist, New Delhi
1977 L.N. Gupta Memorial Award
1963 National Award, Lalit Kala Akademi, New Delhi
1962 National Award, Lalit Kala Akademi, New Delhi
1960 National Award, Lalit Kala Akademi, New Delhi

Teaching Experience

1984 Professor Emeritus, Kala Bhavan, Shantiniketan
1969 Head of Graphic Arts Department, Kala Bhavan, Santiniketan
1968-69 Visiting Professor, Kala Bhavan, Shantiniketan
1966 Visiting Professor in Graphic Arts Faculty, Faculty of Fine Art, Maharaja Sayajirao University, Baroda
1958-67 Senior Lecturer and Head of Graphic Arts Faculty, Delhi Polytecnic of Art, New Delhi
1958-67 Visiting Professor, Faculty of Fine Art, Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda and Kala Bhavan, Santiniketan
1954-58 Lecturer, Indian College of Art and Draftsmanship, Kolkata